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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



In Assyria:

Shalmaneser I. Shalmaneser I, according to most historians, was king from approximately 1280 B.C. to 1260 B.C. Shalmaneser continued the struggle with the state of Mitanni begun by his father, Adadnirari I. Shalmaneser routed the Mitanni troops and the Hittite and Aramaean auxiliary detachments, thereby in effect destroying the Mitanni state. The advance of Shalmaneser’s troops to Carchemish threatened the Hittites and Egypt, thus hastening the conclusion of peace between the Hittite king Hattusilis III and the Egyptian pharaoh Rameses II; it also brought about a renewal of the Hittite-Babylonian alliance. In the north, Shalmaneser I inflicted a defeat upon an alliance of Urartian tribes.

Shalmaneser III. Shalmaneser III was king from 859 B.C. to 825 or 824 B.C. Son of and successor to Ashurnasirpal II, he conquered the kingdom of the Bit Adini on the middle Euphrates and exacted tribute from a number of states in northern Syria. Shalmaneser’s attempt to take possession of the Kingdom of Damascus ended in failure. He received tribute from Phoenician trading cities and from the Kingdom of Israel. From the Zagros Mountains, he carried out pillaging raids to the east against Media as well as against Urartu.

Shalmaneser V. Shalmaneser V was king from 727 B.C. to 722 B.C. Son of and successor to Tiglath-pileser III, he was also king of Babylon (under the name of Ululai). He conducted military operations against Tyre and the Kingdom of Israel. Shalmaneser V abolished the privileges and immunities of the temple cities (Ashur, Sippar, Nippur, and Babylon), substituting taxes and obligations. He was overthrown in 722 B.C. during a siege of Samaria.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The addition here of the regnal dates of the kings of Assyria offers an unwarranted air of accuracy; the assignment of the year 824, the last year of the reign of Shalmaneser III, to the usurper "Ashurdaninapal" (cf.
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The first wave of Jews to settle in present-day Iran came in 722 BC, when the Assyrian ruler Shalmaneser the Fifth scattered the ten "lost tribes" of Israel.
The Assyrian King Shalmaneser III used hand- shakes to seal alliances.
In the British Museum, two colossal statues are displayed as massive doorkeepers in front of the entrance gate to the reconstructed palace room of the Assyrian kings Ashurnasirpal II and Shalmaneser III from Nimrod.
Karlsson has revised his 2013 doctoral dissertation at Uppsala University and expanded the coverage from two kings--Ashurnasirpal II and Shalmaneser III--to consider the propaganda of all the kings of the Early Neo-Assyrian Period (934-745 BCE).
We also gather from an extra-biblical source, the Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III, that in 841 BCE the Assyrian monarch received precious tribute from Jehu King of Israel, including gold, silver, and lead.
A lengthy Hieroglyphic Luwian inscription, carved in raised relief across its back, records the campaigns and accomplishments of Suppiluliuma, likely the same Patinean king who faced a Neo-Assyrian onslaught of Shalmaneser III as part of a Syrian-Hittite coalition in 858 BC.
The famous Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III recorded "I received the tribute of the people of Tyre, Sidon, and of Jehu, son of Omri", while Sennacherib boasted "I reduced his (Hezekiah's) country but I still increased the tribute." We are introduced to the exile in Mesopotamia through the great mass of Akkadian cuneiform lists, receipts and documents that include names coupled with the component or suffix yahu.
New York, NY, November 15, 2011 --( Hixenbaugh Ancient Art Ltd announces the exhibition of two rare and important Neo-Assyrian military artifacts dating to the 9th century BC: a bronze quiver inscribed with the name of King Shalmaneser III, ca.
According to the "Monolith Inscription" of Assyrian King Shalmaneser III, Ahab provided 10,000 men and 2,000 chariots as part of a rebelling coalition that faced the emerging superpower of Assyria at the Battle of Qarqar in Syria in 853 BCE.
The city was built in the 13th century BC by Assyrian king Shalmaneser I before becoming the capital of the Assyrian Empire 500 years later.