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(Greek, Sammugen or Saosduchinos). King of Babylon (667–648 B.C.). Son of Esarhaddon.

Circa 653 B.C., Shamash-shum-ukin raised a rebellion against his brother Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria, who had supreme authority over Babylon. The rebellion was supported by most of the peoples subjugated by the Assyrians—the Arab tribes and the citizens of the Chaldean and Syrian principalities, Elam, Media, Judea, Lydia, and Egypt. Shamash-shum-ukin committed suicide after the defeat of his army and the capture of Babylon in 648 by Ashurbanipal’s forces.


Solov’eva, S. S. “Iz istorii osvoboditel’noi bor’by narodov Perednei Azii s assiriiskim gnetom v ser. VII v. do n. e. (vosstanie Shamashshumukina).” Vestnik Moskovskogo un-ta: Istoriia, 1968, no. 5.
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He was the third son of Esarhaddon, and received an education which destined him for literary work and the priesthood: the eldest son was destined to inherit the throne of Assyria, whilst the second son, Shamash-shum-ukin, educated in the Babylonian fashion, was destined to be the king of Babylon.
Shamash-shum-ukin 19 Kandalanu 12 Nabopolassar 58 Nebuchadnezzar II 455 Evil-Merodach 35 Neriglissar 92 Labashi-Marduk 5 Nabonidus 1160 Cyrus 306 Cambyses 395 Bardiya 11 Darius 815 Xerxes 25 Artaxerxes 47 (cf.
In 681, his son Esarhaddon ordered the rebuilding of the city and in 669, not long before his death, restored the separate kingship of Babylonia which was given to Shamash-shum-ukin, one of his sons, under the overlordship of his brother Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria.