Shams Al-Din Iltutmish

Iltutmish, Shams Al-Din


Ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi (1211–36). Member of the Ghulam (Slave) dynasty.

Of Turkic origin, Iltutmish was a ghulam (slave) of Qutb al-Din Aibak, who founded the Sultanate of Delhi; he later became a mukta (governor) of several districts. He annexed the Punjab and Sind to the sultanate and successfully warred against the Indian princes. In 1229 he was recognized as an independent ruler (sultan) by the Baghdad Caliphate. Under Iltutmish, large religious structures were built in Delhi.

References in periodicals archive ?
Together these works cover virtually the entire history of the Greater Delhi Sultanate, i.e., from its foundation by Sultan Shams al-Din Iltutmish in 607/1210-11 to the sack of Delhi by the Central Asian conqueror Temiir (Tamerlane) in 801/1398.