(both: shä`mĭl), 1798?–1871, imam (religious and political leader) of the E Caucasus. From 1834 to 1859 he led the Muslim tribes of the E Caucasus in their holy war to resist Russian conquest, waging guerrilla warfare with great skill. During the Crimean WarCrimean War
, 1853–56, war between Russia on the one hand and the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France, and Sardinia on the other. The causes of the conflict were inherent in the unsolved Eastern Question.
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 (1853–56) he became known to the European public as an exotic ally of Great Britain and France. After the war, Russia was able to send sufficient troops to the Caucasus to finally defeat the Muslims. Shamyl was captured in 1859. Taken first to St. Petersburg and later to Kaluga, he was allowed to make a pilgrimage (1870) to Mecca, where he died.


See L. Blanch, The Sabres of Paradise (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
The firm on Tuesday said its board named Shamyl Malik -- former global head of trading at Voltaire Capital and head of FX electronic trading at Morgan Stanley and head of electronic market making for emerging markets and precious metals in the capital markets division at Citibank -- as its CEO.
The board has appointed Shamyl Malik as CEO, effective immediately.
Haris Haroon, Luis Mighal Duggan and Omer Minhas converted one goal each for Army while Ahmed Zubair Butt, Shah Shamyl Alam and Geoffredo hit one goal each for BBJ Pipes.
Haris Haroon, Luis Mighal Duggan and Omer Minhas fired one goal each for Army while Ahmed Zubair Butt, Shah Shamyl Alam and Geoffredo were the scorers for BBJ Pipes.
Eulogio Celestino and Shah Shamyl Alam were the field umpires.
Shah Shamyl Alam was top scorer from Newage with his fabulous four goals while Alman Jalil Azam and Ahmed Tiwana scored a brace each and Adnan Jalil Azam contributed one in their team's triumph.
Saad Baig, Kashan Faheem, Ali Hassan, Hassan Iqbal, Mohammad Atif (Karachi); Faraz Ahmed, Hamza Ali, Hasnain Babar (Sialkot), Shuja Zaheer, Wajid Khan (Abbottabad); Shamyl Hussain, Umair Akhtar (Islamabad); Mohammad Saram (Quetta); Basit Ali (Dera Murad Jamali); Mohammad Ammar, Zain-ul-Abidin, Husnain Majid, Aun Mohammad, Abdul Wahab (Bahawalpur); Ali Dilshad Butt, Usama Zahid (Lahore); Zunair Hussain (Rawalpindi); Tahir Khan (Peshawar); Mohammad Farooq, Haseeb Khan, Abdur Rehman, Akhtar Nawaz (Fata); Ibtesam Rehman (Faisalabad); Akash Ali (Larkana); Raza Aziz (AJK); Mohammad Shehzad, Arafat Ahmed (Multan); Mohammad Waleed (Hyderabad).
The company was founded to inspire Pakistani kids towards STEAM education explained LearnOBots' cofounder Shamyl Bin Mansoor to 3DPrint.
The guerilla war of the 19th-century Chechen leader Shamyl is more familiar, Lesley Blanche having covered it in highly romantic vein in The Sabres of Paradise.
Chew, Michael Hyatt, Shamyl Brown, Hassan Johnson, Larry Gilliard Jr.
The fact is that the Islamic world was characterized by many strong Koranic revitalization movements as far back as the early 19th century, for example the Caucasus war of Iman Shamyl against the Russians between 1840 and 1859 (and by the way Shamyl had derived some of his inspiration from his contact with the Algerian resistance leader Emir Abd al-Qad er when on hajj in Mecca in 1829).
There were Muslim rulers who resisted, and their names have entered Muslim and Western lore alike: Emir Abdel Kader in Algeria, Shamyl in the Caucasus, the Mahdi with his Sudanese dervishes, the so-called Mad Mullah of Berbera.