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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(self-designation, Thainyo), a nationality in Burma, inhabiting primarily the Shan Upland. According to a 1975 estimate, the Shan number 2.1 million.

The Shan, who speak a Thai language, profess Buddhism; the folk religion is based on tiger worship. The Shan first settled in Burma at about the beginning of the Common Era; a Shan state, with its capital at Muanmau, is known to have existed as early as the seventh century. In the 14th and 15th centuries all northern and central Burma was controlled by the Shan, who in turn came under the control of the Burmese kings in the mid-16th century.

The Shan are undergoing national consolidation in their own region of Burma, the Shan State. They engage chiefly in irrigation farming, including the cultivation of rice; the plow is still the principal agricultural implement. Highly developed handicrafts include smithery, jewelry-making, the making of lacquer ware, weaving, and mat braiding.


Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.



a national state in Burma, in the Shan Upland. Area, 158,000 sq km. Population, 2,725,000 (1969), most of whom are of Shan nationality. The capital is the city of Taunggyi. The chief crops grown in the Shan state are rice, potatoes, tea, and citrus fruits. Nonagricultural economic activities include logging, the mining of lead-zinc ores (center, Baldwin), the mining of brown coal (center, Lashio), nonferrous metallurgy, and the processing of timber and agricultural raw materials.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sai Aung Lwin told SHAN that he visited the local hospital on Thursday and saw around 15 people seeking treatment after being injured in the clashes.
Only the three bosses who won promotion - Daniel Farke, Chris Wilder and Dean Smith - bettered Shan's tally of 19 points from the last ten matches of the regular season.
Shan had asked for fans to create an atmosphere befitting of the occasion.
"It's a penalty on Holgate all day long," Shan said."There's no intent to win the ball by Abraham.
Shan ginger and garlic paste imparts rich aroma and taste to your everyday meals.
Shan admitted his inclusion means performances in Pakistan's domestic season are rewarded and do not go unnoticed.
Of course, we've had our fair share of obstacles but with God's grace, we were able to overcome any challenges thrown our way," Shan said gratefully.
When Shan's parents told the 'pir' they could not afford to pay him the amount, he got enraged and took the youth in another room and allegedly threw him in fire.
BELLA Penfold and Shan were last night eliminated from The X Factor.
Shan Oko has been one of the front runners from the get-go thanks to her flawless vocals and some amazing performances but her time on the show is now over after the vote was taken to Deadlock by judge Ayda Field and she was found to have polled the lowest amount of votes from the public.
SHAN Martin lay in hospital, her body a mess of shattered bones and damaged organs after a car hit her so hard she flew through the air into a second vehicle.