Shanhaiguan

(redirected from Shanhai Pass)

Shanhaiguan

or

Shanhaikwan

(both: shän-hī-gwän) [Chin.,=mountain sea door], city, NE Hebei prov., China, on the Bohai. Strategically situated where the Great WallGreat Wall of China,
series of fortifications, c.3,890 mi (6,260 km) long (not including trenches and natural defensive barriers), winding across N China from Gansu prov. to Liaoning prov.
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 meets the sea and on the narrow coastal route to Manchuria, it has been the site of many battles and the route of many invasions. It now lies on a double-track railroad linking Tianjin with Shenyang (Mukden). The city was known as Haiyang until 1949. Another name is Linyu.
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References in periodicals archive ?
It is also a fact that the Wall, starting from Jiayuguan in western China's Gansu province, following the mountains bordering Inner Mongolia and the North China Plain, to the Bohai Gulf at Shanhai Pass, and then looping round the Bohai Gulf to terminate at the Hushan Great Wall section on the North Korean border, was actually completed during the time of the Ming Dynasty.
Beginning at Shanhai Pass in the east and ending in Jiayu Pass in the west, it stretches across seven provinces and is considered one of the most magnificent architectural structures of ancient China.