Shanhaiguan

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Shanhaiguan

or

Shanhaikwan

(both: shän-hī-gwän) [Chin.,=mountain sea door], city, NE Hebei prov., China, on the Bohai. Strategically situated where the Great WallGreat Wall of China,
series of fortifications, c.3,890 mi (6,260 km) long (not including trenches and natural defensive barriers), winding across N China from Gansu prov. to Liaoning prov.
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 meets the sea and on the narrow coastal route to Manchuria, it has been the site of many battles and the route of many invasions. It now lies on a double-track railroad linking Tianjin with Shenyang (Mukden). The city was known as Haiyang until 1949. Another name is Linyu.
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