Shanidar

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shanidar

 

a Stone Age cave site in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains (northern Iraq), near Lake Urmia, where in the period 1951–61 an American archaeological expedition discovered nine Neanderthal skeletons, along with Levalloisian stone implements of the Mousterian culture. Anthropologically, the people from Shanidar, who lived 50,000 to 70,000 years ago, are related to the Neanderthals of Western Europe, but they have quite a few traits in common with modern man.

REFERENCE

Korobkov, 1.1. “Novye dannye o neandertal’skikh skeletakh iz peshchery Shanidar (Irak).” Voprosy antropologii. 1963, no. 15.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Even Shanidar 1, another Neanderthal specimen found in Iraq, bore signs of injuries and deformities that look severe enough to result in an early death.
1982 Artificial Cranial Deformation in the Shanidar 1 and 5 Neandertals.
The remains of this Neanderthal are called Shanidar 1 and were excavated in 1957 during excavations at Shanidar Cave in Iraqi Kurdistan.
It would seem that the right side of Shanidar 1's body fared much worse than the left, deafness notwithstanding.
The debilities of Shanidar 1, and especially his hearing loss, thereby reinforce the basic humanity of these much-maligned archaic humans, the Neanderthals" Trinkaus, who co-authored (http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0186684) a paper on the subject with Villotte, said in the statement.
The case of Shanidar 1 is unusual because it also involves the impairment of one of the five basic senses.
a substantial degree of social support, especially given Shanidar 1's plethora of other impairments."