Shanxi


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Shanxi

or

Shansi

(shän`shē`), province (2010 pop. 35,712,111), c.60,000 sq mi (155,400 sq km), NE China. The capital is TaiyuanTaiyuan
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,642,300), capital of Shanxi prov., N China, on the Fen River, in one of the world's richest coal and iron areas. It is a mining and smelting center with a large iron and steel complex and plants making heavy machinery, chemicals, plastics,
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. It is bounded on the west and the south by the Huang He (Yellow River) and on the north by Inner Mongolia. Much of Shanxi is a high plateau region. The soil is fertile loess, but scant rainfall and widespread erosion hamper the raising of sufficient food, which occasionally leads to famine. Reforestation and irrigation projects have been instituted. The main food crops are winter wheat, corn, sorghum, soybeans, millet, barley, and fruit. Cotton, tobacco, and grapes are grown as commercial crops. Livestock is raised in the northern grazing areas, and wool and hides are exported. Shanxi has rich and extensive coal and iron deposits; it supplies as much as one quarter of China's coal. Large deposits of titanium and vanadium are also found. A salt lake in the southwestern part of the province is one of China's major inland sources of salt. The province also has some heavy industry. The Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center is in NW Shanxi. The best communication system of the province is its rail network with connections to central and N China. There are extensive road networks centered in Taiyuan, Datong, Changzhi, Linfen, and Houma. The Fen River (the longest) is partly navigable; it is icebound in winter. From 1911 until the Communist takeover in 1949, a warlord, Yen Xi-shan, ruled Shanxi as an almost independent province; he made notable internal improvements and brought a degree of prosperity. Shanxi's strategic position in the northeast made it a center of Communist activity in the 1940s.

Shanxi

, Shansi
a province of N China: China's richest coal reserves and much heavy industry. Capital: Taiyuan. Pop.: 33 140 000 (2003 est.). Area: 157 099 sq. km (60 656 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, the Shanxi Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China have threatened its Party officials with sacking if found guilty of playing cards, chess or computer games, or going to teahouses, bathhouses, or karaoke bars for leisure during work hours, or seeking benefits from others by taking advantage of their posts.
Cases of infection were confirmed in 24 out of 96 farming counties of Shanxi, Xinhua said.
Petitto makes the Mule longwall shield transporter, and Datong also agreed last week to continue their business and technology collaboration to "improve mining safety and efficiency in the future." Other signed documents from the meeting included a friendship agreement between Shanxi and the state and a memorandum of understanding to promote educational and academic exchanges among higher education institutions in both locations.
The company's Shanxi aluminium unit is investing CNY253m to receive a 16 percent share in the joint venture named Shanxi Jiexiu Xinyugou Coal (Group) Corp.
The mainland death toll of 206 includes 103 in Beijing, 54 in Guangdong Province, 14 each in Shanxi Province and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, six in Hebei Province and five in Tianjin.
Zhang Xiaolun, chairman of Sinomach, visited Taiyuan, capital of Shanxi province, and met with Wang Yixin, vice-governor of Shanxi on August 20.
In May 2019, ZTE signed a strategic cooperation agreement with the Sport Bureau of Shanxi Province, Shanxi Radio and Television Station, and the Shanxi Branch of China Mobile, in a bid to create a distinctive live streaming experience for China's first 5G national sport games.
Shineco announced that the Company entered into a strategic cooperation agreement with Shanxi Yushe County Xunmengyuan Construction Management Co., Ltd.
Summary: Shanxi [China], Apr 30 (ANI): China launched two Tianhui II-01 satellites into orbit from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center here on Tuesday morning.
International Resource News-March 12, 2019--Jiangsu Seraphim Solar System sets up a new Shanxi plant