Shapshal

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shapshal

 

a mountain range in the Altai on the boundary between Gorno-Altai Autonomous Oblast and the Tuva ASSR. The Shapshal Range forms the divide between the Ob’ system (the Chulyshman River) and the left sources of the Enisei (the Alash and Khemchik rivers). The range is approximately 130 km long and rises to 3,507 m. It is composed primarily of schists. In the northern part of the range, the divides have undergone planation; in the southern part, they are dissected by alpine landforms. Small glaciers occur. Mountain tundras predominate on the slopes of the Shapshal Range, and larch forests are encountered in some river valleys.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.