Sharecropping System


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Sharecropping System

 

(Russian, izdol’shchina), a type of land lease in which part of the harvest is paid to the landowner as rent. The sharecropping system on the whole characterizes precapitalist and underdeveloped capitalist forms of the exploitation of small agricultural producers. With regard to the origin of capitalist relations, the sharecropping system was a transitional form between the feudal and the capitalist land lease. It is still retained as a vestige of feudalism in some developed capitalist countries (the USA, Italy, Spain, and southwestern France). In many Oriental countries the sharecropping system is the chief form of tenant relations.

References in periodicals archive ?
Slow Food perceived these political and economic gaps in the Tuscan rural world since the disappearance of the sharecropping system and proposed itself as a management agency for goods and subjects.
The book provides a detailed exploration of the consequences of the political exclusion of African Americans, the sharecropping system, and the resistance of white elites on the current economic and political situation in the Mississippi Delta.
Du Bois's first--is a fast-moving and wonderfully entertaining tale that transports the reader to an era when thousands of farmers were held bondage to the sharecropping system; when the few schools for blacks were subject to constant threats from angry white mobs; and when race, class and gender determined access to necessities of fife.
whose life has been thwarted by the harsh sharecropping system, intimate
Lemann argued that contemporary black urban poverty is rooted in an "ethic of dependency" coming out of the southern sharecropping system. The effect is that Lemke-Santangelo's otherwise highly differentiated and balanced study unnecessarily suffers from an overemphasis on the women's "heroism" (p.
The sharecropping system took root and with this system came presumptions of white blamelessness and of Black intellectual inferiority.
Thus "the federal government made further exploitation likely and the destruction of the tenancy and sharecropping system a relity." (218) Evictions coupled with expanding acreage meant that in the 20 years between 1935 and 1955 the number of farm laborers divorced entirely from the land they worked in Poinsett County increased from a little over 1000 to nearly 10,000.
Then, debt slavery--where the sharecropping system held many former slaves in legal bondage, forcing them to work to pay mythical debts to landowners, was common.
In the United States the most comprehensive form of paternalistic labor regulation was found in the "Old South" under slavery.(5) Under the post-abolition system of free labor, slave paternalism in agrarian production was transmogrified into the sharecropping system.(6) In industrial production, free labor paternalism reached its zenith in the Piedmont cotton mill towns of a half century ago, where every aspect of work and community life was controlled by the employer.(7) These regimes have evaporated by the late twentieth century.
It focuses on the nature of the sharecropping system still dominant as land tenure in several parts of Sind.
The sharecropping system is the most obvious example of a totality of dominance over family and community life.
The sharecropping system allowed tenants to live on and work the land throughout the year and provided these working-class farmers with food and supplies on credit from the plantation commissary.