Lal Bahadur Shastri

(redirected from Shastriji)

Shastri, Lal Bahadur

 

Born Oct. 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, now in the state of Uttar Pradesh; died Jan. 11, 1966, in Tashkent. Indian statesman and politician.

Shastri was the son of a teacher. He was educated at a university in Varanasi (Benares) and took part in the national liberation struggle. As a follower of M. Gandhi and a comrade of J. Nehru, Shastri quickly moved into the ranks of the leadership of the Indian National Congress Party (INCP). From 1935 to 1938, Shastri served as general secretary of the INCP committee in Uttar Pradesh, and he became the party’s general secretary in 1951. After India won its independence in 1947, Shastri served in several ministerial positions in the central government from 1952 to 1963. After the death of Nehru, Shastri became the leader of a parliamentary faction of the INCP; in June 1964 he became prime minister, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, and chairman of the Planning Commission. In 1965 he made an official visit to the USSR. Shastri died in Tashkent, where he was attending a meeting between the Indian and Pakistani heads of state that had been called to mediate the Indian-Pakistani conflict.

References in periodicals archive ?
Shastriji and his entourage, both official and media men like me, flew on the commercial Air India flight that was diverted to Tashkent to cover what was supposed to be historic talks between India and Pakistan mediated by the then Soviet Union.
With Nehru's passing away in May 1964, Ayub did not think much of dimunutive Shastriji.
Shastriji was willing to vacate mainland Pakistani areas that India had captured, but was not willing to vacate any territory of Kashmir retaken by India.
With Shastriji unwilling to concede and pressure mounting on him, the Indian delegation announced that it was going back.
The dog knows that you are a gentleman", Shastriji said before narrating an anecdote.
A few years later, Shastriji died unsung and unhonoured.
The Indian Ambassador, Gitesh Sarma, in his address on the occasion expressed his gratitude to the people of Tashkent for remembering Shastriji every year and said it showed the closeness between the people of India and Uzbekistan.
BAPS broke away from the original Swaminarayan community in 1907, its founder a sant named Shastriji Maharaj, creating an order of santo (male ascetics) and embarked on building of Mandirs (temples) as an expression of his interpretation of the Swaminarayan teaching.
On Saturday, Monisha joined more than 500 Indians who were busy watching a musical performance by popular Indian spiritual leader Shri Mridul Krishan Shastriji at the Valley Hindu Temple in Northridge.
As Kurien famously recounted, when Shastriji wanted him to take the milk initiative national, he refused to go to Delhi, saying that he would like to stay amongst his farm brethren and not amongst bureaucrats.
Shastriji (former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri) gave the slogan 'Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan' (It means hail the soldier and hail the farmer) because he believed that the soldier and a farmer are the two wheels of India's chariot," said General (retired) Singh.
Kuldip Nayar who was present in Tashkent to cover the talks between Shastri and Pakistan's martial law administrator General Ayub Khan, told ANI " I still believe that Shastriji died of a heart attack.