(also Shadzhara), the name used by some peoples of the East for oral or written historical and genealogical traditions. Knowledge of the origins of a family, clan, tribe, or people and their former clan and tribal organization was supplemented by descriptions of historical events and by documents. The shazhere of the Iurmats, a Bashkir tribe, contain information on the incorporation of the Bashkirs into the Russian empire. Some shazhere were in verse.
REFERENCESKononov, A. N. “Rodoslovnaia turkmen”: Sochinenie Abu-l-Gazi khana Khivinskogo. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
Kuzeev, R. G., compiler. Bashkirskie shezhere. [Texts.] Ufa, 1960.
Usmanov, M. A. Tatarskie istoricheskie istochniki XVII–XVIII vv. Kazan, 1972.