Shechem


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Shechem

(shĕk`əm, shē`–), in the Bible. 1 Hivite prince. 2 Manassite chief.

Shechem

(shē`kəm), town, central ancient Palestine, the modern Tell Balatan, between Mts. Gerizim and Ebal, near NablusNablus
, Heb. Shechem, city (2003 est. pop. 127,000), the West Bank. It is the market center for a region where wheat and olives are grown and sheep and goats are grazed. Manufactures include soap made from olive oil and colorful shepherds' coats.
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. Excavations in the 20th cent. indicate a village there c.3500 B.C. Shechem's greatest period began c.1700 B.C. when the HyksosHyksos
[Egyptian,=rulers of foreign lands], invaders of ancient Egypt, now substantiated as the XV–XVIII dynasties. They were a northwestern Semitic (Canaanite or Amorite) people who entered Egypt sometime between 1720 and 1710 B.C.
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 rebuilt it. According to patriarchal narratives in the Book of Genesis, it was visited by Abraham, and Jacob built an altar to God there. Jacob pastured his flocks near Shechem; his well remains a landmark. The rape of Dinah, Jacob's daughter, by Shechemites provoked Jacob's sons to plunder the city. As related in the book of JoshuaJoshua
, book of the Bible. It is the first book of the Deuteronomic history (Joshua–2 Kings), in which the theological outlook of the Book of Deuteronomy is used to explain the fate of Israel.
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, after the Canaanite conquest, Hebrew tribes gathered at Shechem. Solomon's son RehoboamRehoboam
, in the Bible, last king of the United Monarchy, first king of Judah, son of Solomon. Under him the northern tribes broke away from the rule of Jerusalem and set up a separate kingdom (called Israel) with Jeroboam I as their king.
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 was crowned (c.930 B.C.) there; Jeroboam IJeroboam I
, in the Bible, first king of the northern kingdom of Israel. He was an Ephraimite and led a revolt against Solomon, inspired probably by the restlessness of N Palestine under southern rule.
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 "built" Shechem. Thus it was the first northern capital, before Samaria. A small community of Samaritans still live in the area.
References in periodicals archive ?
1) The valley of Shinar is like the valley of Shechem now, and the mountain is like Hargerizim; 2) the place is not identifiable; 3) the tower was built on a mountain; 4) a beacon was placed on the tower; 5) the whole construction was called "shem"; 6) the building was shattered; and 7) these events were the cause for wars.
In the palimpsest of images--the speaker's son, overlaid by an image of biblical Joseph, overlaid finally by an image of a dead Palestinian boy, killed in a crossfire it seems--the poem insists on the similarities and the terrible differences between the three boys, insists on our acknowledging the lies we tell ourselves to justify unacceptable deaths, insists on our not looking away, not from the black-and-white photo, not from the heartbreaking image of this little boy from Shechem, a new Joseph (or Yusuf) who is not saved and not redeemed.
They tell the Shechemites that the prince can have Dinah, but they say that to make things fight between the two peoples all of the men of Shechem must allow themselves to be circumcised.
After all, his own tax revenues contribute to the flourishing of the Od Yosef Chai Shechem yeshiva, the settlement's crowning glory," Akiva Eldar wrote in Haaretz today.
Gathered at Shechem, they were no longer wanderers but settlers in a land they called their own.
In Luke-Acts, Stephen extends the ancestral connections of Shechem back to Abraham and the Patriarchs (Acts 7:16).
A wall composed of such hives was recorded near Kefr Raay, north-east of Shechem (Zertal & Mirkam 2000).
Now therefore" said Joshua to all the people assembled at Shechem, "choose this day whom you will serve" (Joshua 24:14-15).
they called it Shechem, which means two shoulders," he says, as he leans back in a plastic chair across the street from his shop.
Dinah's story is this: The prince Shechem kidnaps and rapes Dinah; then having become smitten with her, seeks to make her his wife.
Though Joshua assembled dissimilar tribes at Shechem, they committed themselves as one people to reject the "other gods" of their ancestors and enter into a future-oriented covenant with God and one another.