Sheffield

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Sheffield,

city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 470,685), N England, at the confluence of the Don River and four tributaries. Sheffield was one of the leading industrial cities of England. It has been a center of cutlery manufacture since the 14th cent. The Cutlers' Company, the governing body of cutlery manufacturers, was founded in the city in 1624. Silver and electroplate goods, tools, and heavy steel goods, including plates for artillery and rails, are also made. The first Bessemer-processBessemer process
[for Sir Henry Bessemer], industrial process for the manufacture of steel from molten pig iron. The principle involved is that of oxidation of the impurities in the iron by the oxygen of air that is blown through the molten iron; the heat of oxidation raises the
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 steelworks were built in Sheffield in 1859; the industry is now all but finished. In the city's Weston Park are an observatory, City Museum, and the Mappin Art Gallery. Also of note is Graves Art Gallery. Educational institutions include the Univ. of Sheffield (1905) and Sheffield Polytechnic.

Sheffield,

industrial city (1990 pop. 10,380), Colbert co., NW Ala., on the Tennessee River near Muscle Shoals, in an iron and coal area; inc. 1885. Its varied manufactures include aluminum products, metals, structural castings, rolled rubber, and motor vehicle parts. Nearby Wilson Dam (1925) supplies power for the area's industries and has one of the world's highest single-lift locks. The home of Helen KellerKeller, Helen Adams,
1880–1968, American author and lecturer, blind and deaf from an undiagnosed illness at the age of two, b. Tuscumbia, Ala. In 1887 she was put under the charge of Anne Sullivan (see Macy, Anne Sullivan), who was her teacher and companion until
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 is in nearby Tuscumbia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sheffield

 

a city and county borough in Great Britain, situated on the Don River. Capital of the metropolitan county of South Yorkshire. Population, 558,000 (1976). Sheffield, a major center of heavy industry, is the country’s largest producer of quality steel. The city produces machinery, including machine tools and electrical-engineering and hydraulic equipment. It has long been known for its metalwork, hardware, cutlery, and jewelry. Arms are also produced. Other important branches of industry are food-processing and light industry.

Museums in Sheffield include the Sheffield Municipal Museum (founded 1875), which houses a collection of metalware, and the Mappin and Graves art galleries. The city has a university.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Sheffield

1. a city in N England, in Sheffield unitary authority, South Yorkshire on the River Don: important centre of steel manufacture and of the cutlery industry; Sheffield university (1905) and Sheffield Hallam University (1992). Pop.: 439 866 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in N England, in South Yorkshire. Pop.: 512 500 (2003 est.). Area: 368 sq. km (142 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
SHEFFIELD, England: Italy's Vincenzo Nibali outfoxed other Tour de France title contenders to win a hilly second stage through Yorkshire countryside on Sunday, wresting the overall race leader's yellow jersey.
PICTURE: Nasar TK Mikhil Bhat/Doha Two weeks ago, Ahmed Saif began the second event of Snooker Q-School against Zack Richardson in Sheffield, England. After bowing out of the first event a few days earlier, Saif had two more chances of achieving what had been his dream for long -- making it to the professional tour.
I've got to fight through the storm in order to be a champion and I proved that tonight." Earlier on Saturday in Sheffield, England, Khan survived a knockdown to out-point Julio Diaz.
Sharpness testing was one of the key evaluations in our test, and to make certain we brought you the most reliable information possible, we had a test machine shipped all the way from the Cutlery and Allied Trades Research Association in Sheffield, England.
Jewel Uddin 26, Omar Mohammed Khan, 27, and Mohammed Hasseen, 23, were arrested after a routine stop of a Renault Laguna by police near Sheffield, England, last Saturday.
Hugh Jones of Barnsley Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Sheffield, England said in an interview that while a prospective long-term study was still needed, the mortality difference shown in this retrospective study was "quite dramatic."
Researchers at Royal Hallamshire Hospital in Sheffield, England analyzed data from 930 men with cardiovascular disease who underwent elective coronary angiography in a cardiac referral center between June 2000 and June 2002.
Paul Crowther (University of Sheffield, England) and his colleagues used high-quality spectral data from Hubble and from Europe's Very Large Telescope to derive their new mass estimate.
of Sheffield, England) explains how to design, analyze, and interpret randomized controlled trials that use quality-of-life outcomes or person/patient reported outcome measures.
Less than a year after opening new offices in Paris, France; Mexico City, Mexico; and Minneapolis, Minn., the company announced the acquisition of Mediqol Ltd., a medical device consulting firm based in Sheffield, England. Financial terms of the deal were not disclosed.
Mattec is headquartered in Loveland, Ohio USA, and has offices in Sheffield, England, and Shanghai, China.
SHEFFIELD, England: Hong Kong's Marco Fu expects huge live TV audiences of over 100 million in China and the Far East as no fewer than four Asians do battle in the World Snooker Championship starting later this month.