Shenyang

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Shenyang

(shŭn-yäng), formerly

Mukden

(mo͞ok`dŭn), city (1994 est. pop. 3,762,000), capital of Liaoning prov., NE China, on the Hun River. It is China's fourth largest city and the leading manufacturing hub in a highly industrialized area. Manufactures include heavy machinery, tractors, motor vechicles, cables, machine tools (Shenyang has one of the largest machine-tool plants in China), transformers, textiles, chemicals, paper products, medicines, and cement. Copper, zinc, and lead are smelted in the city. It is connected by rail with all the major cities of Liaoning prov. and with Beijing and North Korea.

The city has three sections—the old Chinese city, which is the administrative center; the new city, developed by the Japanese around the railroad; and a residential section beyond the railroad. The area doubled in population in the 1950s and 1960s, with a striking increase in both city and suburban population. Shenyang is the seat of Liaoning Univ., Northeastern China Technical Univ., a medical college, a conservatory of music, and numerous other specialized institutes.

During the Russo-Japanese War (1904–5), Shenyang was an important military objective; it fell to the Japanese on Mar. 10, 1905, after a 15-day battle. Following the establishment of the Chinese republic (1912), Shenyang was the headquarters of several warlords, notably Chang Tso-linChang Tso-lin
, 1873–1928, Chinese general. Chang was of humble birth. As the leader of a unit of Manchurian militia he assisted (1904–5) the Japanese in the Russo-Japanese War. He held various military posts under the Chinese republic.
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, who was assassinated outside the city in 1928. There, in Sept., 1931, occurred the Mukden or Manchurian Incident, when the Japanese army used an explosion on the railroad N of Shenyang as a pretext for occupying the city and beginning the occupation of all Manchuria. After 1931, the Japanese developed the city as an industrial center. Shenyang fell to the Communists on Nov. 1, 1948, after a 10-month siege, during which time thousands starved; the defending Nationalist force was annihilated during a breakout attempt.

Shenyang

a walled city in NE China in S Manchuria, capital of Liaoning province: capital of the Manchu dynasty from 1644--1912; seized by the Japanese in 1931. Pop.: 4 916 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Jidujiao Shengjing zhongwen yiben quanwei xianxiang yanjiu (A study of the phenomenon of authoritativeness in the Chinese translations of the Protestant Bible).
(3) Department of Radiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China
(1) Department of Stomatology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China
It is anticipated that the IPO of Shengjing Bank, is to become one of the largest listings in Hong Kong this year.
(2) Department of Orthopedics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China
Liver tissues were kindly provided by Department of Pathology, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University.
The Shengjing hospital, a 2045-bed tertiary care center located in Shenyang, is one of three affiliated hospitals of the China Medical University.
[1] Shenzhen Birth Defect screening project laboratory, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China; [2] Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated with Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China; [3] BGI-Tianjin, Tianjin, China; [4] BGI-Beijing, Beijing, China; [5] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China; * address correspondence to: C.L.
Human tissue and serum samples were obtained by surgical resection and blood drawing from patients who have been treated in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from 2009 to 2010.
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Global Banking News-September 7, 2011--China's Founder Securities acquires stake in Shengjing Bank(C)2011 ENPublishing - http://www.enpublishing.co.uk