Shenouda III

Shenouda III,

1923–2012, pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church (see CoptsCopts
, the native Christian minority of Egypt; estimates of the number of Copts in Egypt range from 5% to 17% of the population. Copts are not ethnically distinct from other Egyptians; they are a cultural remnant, i.e.
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), 1971–2012; successor of Cyril VI. Born Nazeer Gayed, he attended Cairo Univ. (B.A. 1947) and the Coptic Orthodox Theological Seminary (grad. 1949), becoming a teacher. He entered the El Suryan monastery in 1954 and became a priest in 1958. From 1956 to 1962 he lived as a hermit in a cave near the monastery. In 1962 Pope Cyril VI named him bishop for Christian education and dean of the Coptic Seminary. Shenouda III succeeded Cyril VI as pope in 1971. As pope, he oversaw the growth of the Coptic Church abroad, including the establishment of Coptic monasteries outdside of Egypt, but he was also commited to ecumenism. In 1981 the Egyptian government banished him to a desert monastery and withdrew its recognition of him as Coptic pope after he publicly disapproved of President SadatSadat, Anwar al-
, 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism.
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's normalization of relations between Egypt and Israel and criticized the government's response to militant Islamic groups. The measures were only fully reversed in 1985.
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Muslims prefer Mary, mother of Jesus, old-style garnished crosses and the image of the late pope Shenouda III.
Friday's agreement will end the previous standards that were practiced under late Pope Shenouda III, who asserted that one had to undergo rebaptism if one was not baptised in an Orthodox Church, according to state-owned newspaper Al Ahram.
The foundation stone of the monastery was laid by late Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria in 2005.
In late 1970s, the then pontiff Shenouda III of the Coptic Church banned Coptic Christians from visiting occupied Jerusalem until the Palestinian-Israeli dispute is resolved.
Forty years ago, Pope Paul VI and Pope Shenouda III signed a Joint Declaration which represented "a milestone on the ecumenical journey" which united the Catholic Church and the Coptic Orthodox Church "in an embrace of peace and fraternity, after centuries of mutual distance.
Pope Shenouda III died in March of this year after having led the church's eight million members for 40 years.
The 60 year old patriarch is the successor of Pope Shenouda III, who passed away in March, after being in charge of the Church for 40 years.
He replaced Shenouda III, who died in March after leading the ancient church for 40 years.
Tawadros succeeded Pope Shenouda III, a charismatic leader who died in March after four decades at the head of the Coptic Church.
Days of fasting and prayer by Christians in Egypt and abroad preceded the liturgy held in the cathedral for choosing a spiritual leader succeeding Pope Shenouda III, who died last March at the age of 88 after more than three decades on the papal chair.
The new church head succeeds Pope Shenouda III, who passed away in March.
Speaking to the television cameras that surrounded him at his monastery in a desert town, the pope-designate, Bishop Tawadros, indicated that he planned to reverse the explicitly political role of his predecessor, Pope Shenouda III, who died in March.