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see ShaanxiShaanxi
or Shensi
[west of the mountain passes], province (2010 pop. 37,327,378), c.76,000 sq mi (196,840 sq km), N central China. Xi'an is the capital. From north to south Shaanxi has four main regions—the loess plateau, fertile but dry; the Wei River valley,
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, China.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a province in Northwest China. Area, 190,000 sq km. Population, 21.7 million (1975). The capital is the city of Sian.

The northern part of Shensi lies on the Loess Plateau and has an average elevation of approximately 1,500 m; the southern part is occupied by the Tsinling Shan, which rises to an elevation of 3,666 m. The northern and southern parts of the province are separated by the valley of the Wei Ho. Shensi’s monsoon climate is temperate north of the Tsinling Shan and subtropical south of it. Annual precipitation ranges from 300 mm in the northwest to 1,000 mm in the southeast. The principal rivers are the Huang Ho, its tributary the Wei Ho, and the Han Shui, a tributary of the Yangtze. Forests occupy less than 9 percent of the province.

Shensi is an ancient agricultural region. Most of the population engages in agriculture, which is dominated by the cultivation of a wide variety of crops. The leading food crop is wheat, most of which is grown in the Wei Ho valley; the considerable plantings of millet are found chiefly on the Loess Plateau. Other crops include rice, kaoliang, and maize. The valleys of the Wei Ho and the Han Shui produce China’s finest varieties of cotton, accounting for 7 percent of the country’s total output. Oil-bearing plants and sugar beets are also cultivated. Animal husbandry, which is of secondary importance, is devoted to the raising of sheep, goats, cattle, and donkeys.

Industry underwent development after the formation of the People’s Republic of China. Coal, small amounts of petroleum, and iron ore are mined. The Weipei coalfield produces more than 4 million tons of coal annually; the Yench’ang oil fields—the oldest in China—began operating in 1906. The main manufacturing centers are Sian and Paochi. Well-developed industries include ferrous metallurgy, the chemical industry, and the machine-building industry, which produces power-engineering equipment, machine tools, locomotives, railroad cars, and machinery for the textile industry and agriculture. There is a cement plant in Yaohsien and petroleum refineries in Yench’ang and Yenan. The cotton industry is represented by large factories in Sian and Hsienyang.


Traces of the Yangshao Neolithic culture have been found in Shensi. From the sixth to fourth centuries B.C. part of the province belonged to the Ch’in state, whose ruling dynasty unified ancient China at the end of the third century B.C. Between the 11th century B.C. and the tenth century A.D. the capital of China was several times located in Shensi: at Haoching, Hsienyang, and Ch’angan (now Sian). The region was given its present name in the ninth century.

In antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times Shensi has witnessed numerous large popular uprisings, notably the peasant rebellion led by Ch’en Sheng and Wu Kuang in 209 and 208 B.C, the peasant wars of 874–901 and 1628–45, the rebellion of the Pai Lien Chiao (White Lotus Sect) of 1796–1805, and the Dungan Rebellion of 1862–77. After the Hsinhai Revolution of 1911–13, Shensi was controlled by the Peiyang (northern) warlords.

Several peasant rebellions led by the Chinese Communists took place between 1928 and 1932, and in 1932 and 1933 two revolutionary bases of the soviet movement—Shensi-Szechwan and Shensi-Kansu—were established at the border of Shensi and two neighboring provinces (seeSOVIETS IN CHINA). After the main forces of the Chinese Red Army moved from central and southern China between 1934 and 1936, the Shensi-Kansu-Ningsia border area was created from the Shensi-Kansu base. The province of Shensi was freed from Kuomintang rule by the People’s Liberation Army of China in July 1949.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Shensi
a province of NW China: one of the earliest centres of Chinese civilization; largely mountainous. Capital: Xi'an. Pop.: 36 900 000 (2003 est.). Area: 195 800 sq. km (75 598 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Kangxi 1721 Shensi [Shaanxi] map: result of fitting a Sinusoidal projection Parameter Value Units [x.sub.0] -1,544,166.87 m [y.sub.0] 4,461,675.69 m [h.sub.x] 122.97 m [h.sub.y] -122.95 m [[phi.sub.1] 116.39 degrees [X.sub.err] 0.984 km [Y.sub.err] 1.230 km Total 1.107 km Av pixel 122.96 m Map scale = 1: 1,936,356 Ratio [h.sub.x] / [h.sub.y] 1.0002 DPI 400.00 Map RMS 0.05719 cm
The evaluation score is calculated and sorted according to the name of the enterprise: LEBO Division, XIAO N G, blue-ray, Manhattan, three Air Pentium, Ken Buda, DESANO, CITIC, SHENSI, HALEY, MAINE and, WASH gardening, Flying Branch, Shires Man, BAOXIN, ZOKED.
Furthermore, the woman does not leave and then return to kill her son, feigning the need to nurse the child as she does in "A Merchant's Wife" and "Cui Shensi." Instead she commits the act in front of her husband after revealing her hidden identity.
Cao's dream account, however, is a significantly more elaborate and complex narrative of oneiric imagination, which largely conforms to Liu Xie's theory of shensi (spiritual thought) and xujing (mental vacancy and tranquility).
Get voting at!The semi-finalist are; Noyona Biswas, Krishna Bala Shensi, Saleem Mohammed Markabiah, Aeren Jan Samera, Alston Rodriguez, Rimsha Kidwai, Kholud Yasser Mansour, Alia Abdul Aziz, Aniroddh S.
Although a river bearing this name is located in Gansu, "north of the desert above Shensi", that is, at the middle course of the Yellow River (E.J.
This was especially true of the British Baptists who carried out Christian work and "won a degree of respect and even of affection among the people of Shantung [Shandong], Shanhsi [Shanxi], and Shensi [Shaanxi] provinces." (7) These particular provinces produced strong-bodied man capable of performing hard work.
A stele found in Si-ngan-fu, in Shensi province, written in Syriac and Mandarin in AD 781, announced the arrival of east Syrian Christian missionaries from Iraq: this very extensive Christian missionary enterprise was facilitated by the Caliph, or 'commander of the faithful'.
With continued Chinese expansion through military conquests and civilian usurpation of native lands, the Miao slowly migrated from their original home in the Yellow river basin, some to the northwest of China (Shensi, Shensi and the basin of the Wei river), others to the southwest (towards the mountains of the Blue river basin and Sikiang), thus leaving the basin of the Hoai river to the Chinese invaders (Savina, op.cit.: 97).
There were Muslim rebellions in Shensi, Kansu and Sinkiang, where population fell due to brutal repression in the 1860s and 1870s.
Shens of Shensi. Shelburne, ON: Battered Silicon Dispatch Box.
These accounts tended to focus on particular Scottish missionaries, including the Moir Duncans who served mainly in the province of Shensi. The SBM contained short biographical sketches of distinguished native Christians such as Hannah Liu, the daughter of a Chinese Baptist pastor, who was one of the first women, in 1931, to be elected to the Chinese parliament.