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(shŭn-yäng), formerly


(mo͞ok`dŭn), city (1994 est. pop. 3,762,000), capital of Liaoning prov., NE China, on the Hun River. It is China's fourth largest city and the leading manufacturing hub in a highly industrialized area. Manufactures include heavy machinery, tractors, motor vechicles, cables, machine tools (Shenyang has one of the largest machine-tool plants in China), transformers, textiles, chemicals, paper products, medicines, and cement. Copper, zinc, and lead are smelted in the city. It is connected by rail with all the major cities of Liaoning prov. and with Beijing and North Korea.

The city has three sections—the old Chinese city, which is the administrative center; the new city, developed by the Japanese around the railroad; and a residential section beyond the railroad. The area doubled in population in the 1950s and 1960s, with a striking increase in both city and suburban population. Shenyang is the seat of Liaoning Univ., Northeastern China Technical Univ., a medical college, a conservatory of music, and numerous other specialized institutes.

During the Russo-Japanese War (1904–5), Shenyang was an important military objective; it fell to the Japanese on Mar. 10, 1905, after a 15-day battle. Following the establishment of the Chinese republic (1912), Shenyang was the headquarters of several warlords, notably Chang Tso-linChang Tso-lin
, 1873–1928, Chinese general. Chang was of humble birth. As the leader of a unit of Manchurian militia he assisted (1904–5) the Japanese in the Russo-Japanese War. He held various military posts under the Chinese republic.
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, who was assassinated outside the city in 1928. There, in Sept., 1931, occurred the Mukden or Manchurian Incident, when the Japanese army used an explosion on the railroad N of Shenyang as a pretext for occupying the city and beginning the occupation of all Manchuria. After 1931, the Japanese developed the city as an industrial center. Shenyang fell to the Communists on Nov. 1, 1948, after a 10-month siege, during which time thousands starved; the defending Nationalist force was annihilated during a breakout attempt.


a walled city in NE China in S Manchuria, capital of Liaoning province: capital of the Manchu dynasty from 1644--1912; seized by the Japanese in 1931. Pop.: 4 916 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
com)-- CR Land recently celebrated the opening of its MixC Mall in ShenYang, Liaoning Province, China, completing a 30 month design and delivery partnership with The Buchan Group's Shanghai studio.
The flight from Shenzhen to Shenyang, Liaoning province, was set to take off at about 11:35 am but didn't take off till 2 pm, as the couple wouldn't stop screaming at each other, reports the China Daily.
Kyodo News announced Wednesday that its reporters photographed and videotaped an incident in which five North Koreans who are now in South Korea were seized by Chinese police officers May 8 at the Japanese Consulate General in Shenyang, Liaoning Province.
The five North Koreans -- a couple, their 2-year-old daughter, the man's mother and his younger brother -- were seized by armed Chinese police at the Japanese Consulate General in Shenyang, Liaoning Province on May 8.
On May 8, the five North Koreans sought asylum at the Japanese Consulate General in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, but were seized by the Chinese police.
The Chinese firm, based in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, is capitalized at 6.
The Japanese Consulate General in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, identified the two Japanese as Sukehiro Shionoya, 62, and Shinji Tsurugi, 38, both of OSG Corp.
16th Street, Shenyang Economic & Technological Development District, Shenyang, Liaoning,
New Delhi, Sept 9 (ANI): An angry passenger thrashed a bus driver after being refused permission to get off the bus at a heavily jammed bridge in Shenyang, Liaoning province.
The joint venture in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, was formed in 1997 with Japanese and Chinese concerns, including trading house Mitsubishi Corp.