Sher Shah

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Sher Shah:

see Sher KhanSher Khan
or Sher Shah
, 1486–1545, Afghan ruler in N India. He enlisted in the service of the Mughal leader Babur when the latter invaded India and became governor of Bihar.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sher Shah


Born 1472; died 1545. Ruler of Hindustan (North India) from December 1539 to 1545.

Sher Shah was a member of the Afghan feudal clan Sur in Bihar. Originally named Farid, he became the ruler of Bihar in 1533 under the title “Sher Khan.” As a result of victories over Humayun at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj in 1540, he seized the possessions of the Great Moguls and subjugated Malwa and a number of the Rajput princely states, thus uniting under his rule most of North India. In December 1539 he assumed the title “Sher Shah.”

Sher Shah implemented a series of important reforms that were continued and completed by Akbar. During his reign the jagir system of landownership was organized, in which the holder of a benefice was obligated to maintain a hired cavalry detachment. Sher Shah also initiated land measurement and reorganized the collection of taxes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
PESHAWAR -- Born as Farid Khan, Sher Shah Suri was the founder of Sur Empire in the northern part of India with Delhi as its capital.
The annoyed agitators gathered at Sher Shah Suri road outside Peshawar Press Club and shouted slogans against the MQM.
RAWALPINDI -- With the arrest of 20 persons, the police on Wednesday claimed to have busted a Pakistan Super League (PSL) 2018 gambling racket from Sher Shah Suri Road, an area of Taxila.
Meanwhile, the residents of Sher Shah and Muzaffarabad areas staged a demonstration on Sher Shah Road.
KARACHI -- A 60-year-old man was caught red-handed by a crowd of people in the Sher Shah locality following screaming and shouting by a minor girl, who the man was allegedly attempting to assault and kidnap.
The advertisement was published in the newspapers by the MDA executive engineer II, according to which, tenders were called for the construction of the road under the flyover at Sher Shah Interchange.
Carrying placards inscribed with different slogans against traffic police, the protesters gathered at Sher Shah Suri road opposite Cantonment Railway Station and shouted in favor of their demands.
Among them are Sher Shah Suri Road, Shoba Chowk Road and Railway Road, which connect the city with the cantonment areas.
Former Provincial Minister Wajid Ali Khan has been nominated for PK-80, former MPA Sher Shah for PK-81, former MPA Waqar Khan for PK-82, former Provincial Minister Ayub Khan for PK-85, MPA Syed Jafar Shah for PK-85 and Fazal Whahab alias Qahbeer Khan for PK-86.
The three brothers, Rizwan, Faizan, Noman and their friend Zohaib were arrested by Sher Shah police while the police have also registered FIR No 216/17 under Section 302/34 against them on behalf of the state.