Shetland Islands

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Related to Shetland Islands: South Shetland Islands

Shetland Islands

(shĕt`lənd), island group and council area (1993 est. pop. 22,830), 551 sq mi (1,427 sq km), extreme N Scotland, NE of the Orkney IslandsOrkney Islands,
archipelago and council area (1991 pop. 19,650), 376 sq mi (974 sq km), N Scotland, consisting of about 70 islands in the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, N of Scottish mainland across the Pentland Firth. About 20 islands are inhabited.
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. Formerly the county of Shetland or


(zĕt`–), the archipelago is 70 mi (110 km) long and consists of some 100 islands, of which fewer than one fourth are inhabited. MainlandMainland.
1 Island (1991 pop. 14,150), 178 sq mi (461 sq km), N Scotland. The largest of the Orkney Islands, it is also called Pomona. Kirkwall, the seat of the Orkney Islands council area, is on the island. Kirkwall Bay and Scapa Flow deeply indent its shores.
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, Yell, Unst, Fetlar, Whalsey, and Bressay are the largest islands. LerwickLerwick
, island town (1991 est. pop. 7,336), Shetland Islands, extreme N Scotland. Lerwick is the northernmost town in Great Britain. Located on the southeastern coast of Mainland island, it has fishing and hosiery industries.
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, on Mainland, is the principal town of the Shetland Islands.

The surface of the islands is generally low and rocky, with few trees and spare soil. In places cliffs rise above 1,000 ft (305 m). The climate is humid and, despite the northern latitude, rather mild. Oats and barley are the chief crops; fishing and cattle and sheep raising are very important. The region is famous for its knitted woolen goods and for the small, sturdy Shetland poniesShetland pony,
smallest breed of horse, originating in the Shetland Islands some 200 mi (322 km) N of Scotland. The Shetland resembles a miniature draft horse and has long been used for working purposes.
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 originally bred there. With the discovery of North Sea oil in the early 1970s, a major oil terminal was built at Sullom Voe in the north of Mainland. Tourism is also significant.

The Shetlands are known for their ancient relics. Pictish forts are scattered throughout the islands, and a village from the Bronze Age has been unearthed at Jarlshof on Mainland. By the late 9th cent. the islands were occupied by the NorsemenNorsemen,
name given to the Scandinavian Vikings who raided and settled on the coasts of the European continent in the 9th and 10th cent. They are also referred to as Northmen or Normans.
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; traces of their speech and customs survive. The Shetlands were not annexed to Scotland until 1472, when the islands were taken over as an unredeemed pledge of King Christian I of Norway and Denmark for the dowry of his daughter, Margaret, who married James III of Scotland.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shetland Islands


an archipelago of more than 100 islands in the northeastern part of the Atlantic Ocean. Area, 1,400 sq km. Population, 18,400 (1974). The Shetland Islands belong to Great Britain. The largest islands are Mainland, Yell, Unst, and Fetlar. The rolling plains and plateaus of the islands, which rise to 450 m, are composed primarily of schists and quartzites, with well-preserved traces of glaciation, such as boulder fields and sheepback rocks. Meadows and peat bogs abound. Bird colonies occur on the islands. The inhabitants engage in fishing and stock raising; various grasses are also grown. There is offshore drilling for petroleum. The principal town is Lerwick.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"This year's budget has made available a further PS10.5 million in support for internal ferry services provided by Orkney and Shetland Islands Councils, bringing the total support in the last two years to PS21m."
"Alan is vulnerable and the Shetland Islands are a bit remote," she said.
The team at The Edward Foundation then decided it was worth transporting Jack all the way to the Shetland Islands.
Foula, the most remote of the inhabited Shetland Islands, lurks ominously in the distance throughout the story.
The islands were renamed South Shetland Islands before the chart was produced, being in the same latitude south as the Shetland Islands are north.
The South Shetland Islands are one of the most favorable places in the Antarctic in terms of climate, therefore, over ten scientific research stations from different countries are based on the islands.
The Darwin acreage is located next to the TAQA-operated Cormorant South, North Cormorant and Pelican fields in the Northern North Sea approximately 130 km northeast of the Shetland Islands. The reserves potential of the Darwin oil discoveries, in conjunction with NW Hutton Field re-development, is currently being re-evaluated.
* Andy spent three years visiting the Shetland Islands to capture the gannets on camera for National Geographic PICTURE: Andy Parkinson * Left, one of the gannet photographs taken by former South Wales Echo photographer Andy Parkinson, above, for National Geographic MagazineMAIN PICTURE: Andy Parkinson * Left, National Geographic's August edition which features Andy's photographs
Also involved are NHS Shetland, NHS Grampian and the Shetland Islands Council launching a new Resource Centre will demonstrate and give advice on the use of vision aids and equipment to make life easier whilst promoting independence.
POLICE have arrested a 19-year-old man in the Shetland Islands as part of the investigation into hacking groups Anonymous and LulzSec, Scotland Yard said.
(SeeNews) - Jul 13, 2011 - Austrian oil group OMV AG (WBAG:OMV) will participate in the redevelopment of the Schiehallion oil field, located north of the Shetland Islands, the company said today.
Vattenfall, a Sweden-based utility company, has announced that its Aegir Wave Power joint venture has received approval to develop an area offshore the Shetland Islands, north-east of Scotland.