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(until 1964, Aktau), a city and the administrative center of Mangyshlak Oblast, Kazakh SSR. Situated on the Mangyshlak Peninsula, with a port (Aktau) on the Caspian Sea; located 13 km from the Mangyshlak railroad station on the Beineu-Novyi Uzen’ line. Population, 111,000 (1977).
Shevchenko was founded as a result of the discovery of oil and gas deposits in the area. The city has a meat-packing plant, a milk plant, a poultry farm, and a garment factory. As of 1978, a plant for the production of plastics was under construction. Shevchenko has an atomic power plant, which is being used by an experimental industrial installation for the desalination of seawater. Cultural institutions include a people’s dramatic theater and a museum of local lore.
The general plan for the layout and development of Shevchenko was approved in 1967. Notable features of the city plan are the relationship between the city and seacoast and extensive programs for planting greenery and providing amenities in the midst of the desert. The city was planned and built under the direction of the architect A. V. Korotkov, with the assistance of the architects G. M. Vylegzhanin, M. I. Levin, T. N. Safonova, N. I. Simonov, E. B. Fedorov, and S. S. Tseliaritskii and such engineers as E. A. Durgarian and G. P. Smorodin. The State Prize of the USSR was awarded to them in 1977 for this work. A complex of administrative buildings, the House of Soviets, the Abai House of Culture, and the Aktau Hotel are among the notable buildings in Shevchenko.
an urban-type settlement in Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, under the jurisdiction of the Krasnoarmeisk city soviet. Shevchenko is located 8 km southwest of Krasnoarmeisk and 3 km from the Chunishino railroad station. Coal is mined in the settlement.