(full name, Shevchenko Scientific and Scholarly Society), a society founded in L’vov in 1892 from the reorganized Shevchenko Literary Society, which had been established in 1873. The Shevchenko Society existed until 1939.
The society had three sections: history and philosophy; philology; and mathematics, natural sciences, and medicine; in addition it had several commissions. The society’s main publications were Zapiski NTSh (Transactions of the Shevchenko Scientific and Scholarly Society, 1892–1939; 155 vols.), Khronika NTSh (Chronicle of the Shevchenko Scientific and Scholarly Society, 74 issues), and collections published by individual sections and commissions. The society also published the journals Zoria (Dawn) and Literaturno-naukovyi visnyk (Literary, Scientific, and Scholarly Bulletin).
The members of the Shevchenko Society included such outstanding Ukrainian scientists and scholars as I. Ia. Franko, V. Gnatiuk, I. Puliui, V. Peretts, M. S. Grushevskii, and D. I. Bagalei, as well as the internationally known scientists and scholars V. Jagic, A. A. Shakhmatov, Z. Nejedly, A. Mazon, and A. F. Ioffe. In 1939, after the Western Ukraine was incorporated into the USSR and reunited with the Ukrainian SSR, branches of several institutes of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR were established in L’vov, and the most outstanding members of the Shevchenko Society became associated with them.