Shih Ching

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Shih Ching


(“Book of Odes,” “Classic of Poetry”), an anonymous work of Chinese literature written between the 11th and sixth centuries B.C. The Shih Ching contains 305 songs, which tradition claims were selected by Confucius. It was burned along with other Confucian books in 213 B.C. and was restored to approximate its original form in the second century B.C. The work is included on the list “Mao-shih”; it received the name Shih Ching in the 12th century. The Shih Ching consists of four sections: “Kuo feng” (The Morals of Kingdoms), “Hsiao ya” (Little Odes), “Ta ya” (Big Odes), and “Sung” (Hymns), each of which is actually a separate book with its own themes, emotions, and means of artistic expression, including musical accompaniment.

The songs of “Kuo feng,” which has the greatest literary value of the four sections, focus on man and his relation to nature and his surroundings and the emotional and intellectual world of the farmer, livestock breeder, and hunter. Themes of social protest occur more often in the songs of “Kuo feng” than in the other sections. The lyrical works of the section “Hsiao ya” were written mainly by court poets for various celebrations and extol the virtues and military feats of the rulers. The odes of “Ta ya” are considered models of court poetry. The section “Sung” comprises festive and laudatory songs and religious hymns.

The Shih Ching, reflecting the varied phenomena of China’s spiritual and social life, is an encyclopedia of Chinese antiquity.


In Russian translation:
Shitszin. Moscow, 1957.


Fedorenko, N. T. “Shitszin” i ego mesto v kitaiskoi literature. Moscow, 1958.
Literatura drevnego Kitaia: Sb. statei. Moscow, 1969. (Contains bibliography.)


References in periodicals archive ?
Qi Huang, Shi Jing, and Jianbo Yi are all faculty members of the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China.
For example, it was written in Shi Jing that "Sons shall be born to him, they will be put to sleep on couches, they will be clothed in robes.
Liu Zhen's manipulation of the allusion to the Shi jing in line 14 is humorous and effective.
The Chinese Ambassador, His Excellency Mr Zhang Junsai donated a facsimile copy of Yuan Ming Yuan si shi jing tu yong (Illustrated Odes to the Forty Scenes of the Garden of Perfect Brightness).
Four versions of the Shi jing came into existence after the Qin dynasty ruler Shi Huangdi ordered the famous burning of literary books in 213 BC.
Joy and Sorrow: Songs of Ancient China: A New Translation of Shi Jing Guo Feng
This type of dingzhen occurs as early as the Shi jing (e.
The Wu jing collection consists of the Yi jing ("Classic of Changes"; often rendered I ching), Shu jing ("Classic of History"), Shi jing ("Classic of Poetry"), Li ji ("Collection of Rituals"), and Chunqiu ("Spring and Autumn" [Annals]).
The shifting of the bird species from osprey to oriole also redirects the reader toward two other Shi jing poems which feature oriole imagery: Mao 32 "Kaifeng" [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] ["Joyous Wind"] and Mao 187 "Huang niao" [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] ["Yellow Birds"], and the interpretation of the oriole as a symbol provides additional clues in understanding the anonymous poem from Ba.
Another early anthology was the Shi jing ("Classic of Poetry"), a collection of Chinese poetry compiled by Confucius (551-479 BC).
Expectedly, neither nu nor shu nor ji is mentioned in the Shi jing [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] or the "modern text" chapters of the Shu jing.