Shibliak

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shibliak

 

Mediterranean-type vegetation consisting of drought-resistant thermophile deciduous shrubs and low trees. This type of vegetation developed in the Mediterranean region during the Neogene. Modern shibliak has formed mainly in places where drought-resistant forests and open woodlands of the foothills and low mountains have been destroyed by man. The vegetation occurs in the Balkans, the Crimea, Dagestan, Transcaucasia, and the Black Sea Coast of the Caucasus. The floristic composition of shibliak varies; the most common trees are oaks (Quercus pubescens and Iberian oaks), Christ’s thorn, Carpinus orientalis, and laburnum. In warmer regions there are admixtures of evergreen plants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.