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, sheik in Muslim countries
a. the head of an Arab tribe, village, etc.
b. a high priest or religious leader, esp a Sufi master
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



among Arab nomads the head or leader of a clan, tribe, or tribal alliance. In Islamic countries the term also acquired the general meaning of a venerable man; it is most often applied to leaders of Muslim sects and dervish orders (equivalent terms are “pir” and ’”murshid”), prominent theologians, and Muslim jurists. On the southern Arabian Peninsula and in the area of the Persian Gulf, several small states are ruled by sheikhs.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aslam, 41, of Belle Grove West, Spital Tongues, Newcastle, Shiek Zaman, 32, of Yewvale Road, Fenham, Newcastle, Jahangir Zaman, 41, of Hadrian Road, Fenham, Newcastle, and Khalique, 23, of Beaconsfield Street, Arthur's Hill, Newcastle, were all released on conditional bail.
However, later Senator Islamuddin Shiek Chief Whip in the Senate convinced boycotter JUI-F back in the House.
To achieve the study goal, the researchers used mainly the (El Shiek & Abu-Khadra, 2009) model that categorized the maturity model attributes into six major groups.
Spring Awakening, adapt and lyrics: Steven Sater from Frank Wedekind; music: Duncan Shiek; dir: Michael Baron.
Former army officers paralysed or missing limbs from the country's 1977 war with Ethiopia resided in the hospital, said Shiek Abdirisaq Oeylow, a government spokesman.
Shiek Khalid Al Qassimi is looking to sign off the season in style at this weekend's Wales Rally GB.
More humanitarian workers die as a result of intentional violence, often associated with banditry, than from road accidents and often early in an assignment before risks are fully appreciated (Shiek at al., 2000).
The star, the brains behind such outrageous characters as singing Bernie Walsh, exotic Busty Lycra and Sheila Shiek, has stormed Ireland with her new show Working Girls.
PEA SOUPER: Headteacher at Castle Hill School Gill Robinson in a bath of mushy peas in front of the school Pictures by Andrew Catchpool (AC180108Cpeas); GREEN QUEEN: Gill Robinson goes greener as more soup is added by pupil Heena Shiek (right) and nursery nurse Sue Midlam (AC180108Cpeas-3)
It could be picking their way through a minefield into Sharm el Shiek, or convincing a ferry operator at the canal to allow them to cross to Suez City on his ferry.