Shielding

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shielding

[′shēld·iŋ]
(electromagnetism)
(metallurgy)
Placing a nonconducting object in an electrolytic bath during plating to alter the current distribution.
(nucleonics)
Reducing the ionizing radiation reaching one region of space from another region by using a shield or other device.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shielding

 

(also screening), in electrical engineering and radio engineering, a means of reducing—that is, of suppressing or substantially attenuating—the effect of external stray fields, noise, or pickup. Such phenomena interfere with the operation of, for example, electrical or radio equipment, data transmission equipment, and data-processing equipment.

Shielding is accomplished by means of a grounded metal or metal-plated shield with a high electrical or magnetic conductivity. Either the stray-field or noise source or the equipment or component to be shielded is enclosed in the shield. Depending on the extent of shielding required, either solid shields or screens are used. Solid shields are usually made of sheet steel; screens are woven from copper or steel wire.

In many cases, the metal housing of a device acts as a shield. Complicated or bulky equipment is often installed in a room or chamber that is shielded.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.