shift work

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shift work

[′shift ‚wərk]
(industrial engineering)
Work paid for by day wage.

shift work

the organization of work into relays. Most common, within the UK, is the double day-shift, but three and four continuous 24-hour shift working is carried out in about a quarter of all work places (Millward and Stevens, 1986). The main reasons for shift working are to maximize the utilization of plant and equipment and thereby reduce costs, and to meet production targets and deadlines. It is also the case that certain industrial processes are, by their nature, continuous. This is particularly so with the continuous process technology associated with the petrochemical industry Workers’ experience of shift work is that it is generally disruptive to their family and social life and deleterious to their health and physical wellbeing (Gallie, 1978). Shift work is also commonly found among professional and technical workers associated with human services, notably in health care, but also covering commercial activities such as air transport. Here the pattern of recruitment and promotion (i.e. ANTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION) may alter the workers’ perceptions of the disruptions that shift work causes to their lives.
References in periodicals archive ?
The results of this research suggest the need for health protection programs for long-term female night shift workers.
Younger shift workers had poorer diets and drank more, while older employees reported poorer sleep patterns and lower levels of physical activity.
Another author in the study, Dr Rachel Edgar, said: "This indicates that shift workers, who work some nights and rest some nights and so have a disrupted body clock, will be more susceptible to viral diseases.
Tables 2 shows significant difference in various neuropsychological tests between night shift workers and day workers.
It is therefore important to avoid shift work where possible and improve shift work schedules to help shift workers achieve more normal sleeping and waking patterns.
PASYDY is outright against working hours reform for public workers, while unions PEO, SEK and DEOK blasted the "unilateral" decision to include shift workers in the new timetable.
Kenyon had been on trial at Liverpool Crown Court for two weeks, accused with four colleagues from Ranelagh Grange in Rainhill, after night shift workers reported finding residents aged 80 to 100 in an "horrendous state".
In order to plan future preventive interventions in shift workers, it was the objective of the present study to assess the relationship between shift work and arterial age and to identify predictors of early arterial aging using a noninvasive procedure.
The number of young shift workers suffering from heart attacks is on the rise.
These events were more common among shift workers than other people: shift work was associated with an increased risk of heart attack (23 percent), coronary events (24 percent) and stroke (5 percent).
Coronary events and strokes were more common among shift workers.
The study found that shift workers were more likely to smoke, have unhealthy behaviours and come from lower socioeconomic backgrounds than office-hours workers, however the health risks remained consistent even after adjusting for these factors.