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Shiga(shē`gä), prefecture (1990 pop. 1,222,401), S Honshu, Japan. OtsuOtsu
, city (1990 pop. 260,018), capital of Shiga prefecture, S Honshu, Japan. It is a tourist center and a port for excursion boats on Lake Biwa. Electrical appliances, textiles, precision instruments, computer components, and machinery are among the city's industrial products.
..... Click the link for more information. (the capital) and Hikone are the chief cities. It is predominantly an agricultural region, with rice the principal crop. Textile manufacturing and cattle raising are important. Shiga includes part of Biwa, Japan's largest lake.
a prefecture in Japan, in the central part of the island of Honshu. Area, 4,000 sq km. Population, 985,500 (1975), approximately one-half urban. The capital is Otsu.
Shiga Prefecture is part of Kansai (Kinki), a major economic region. Agriculture dominates the economy, with 72,000 hectares under cultivation, primarily in rice (harvest, 254,000 tons), on the fertile Koto plain east of Lake Biwa. The southern parts of the plain have two harvests a year; after the rice is harvested, wheat or barley is planted. Vegetables, tea, and mulberry are grown on the terraced mountain slopes. Lake Biwa yields fish.
Textiles account for 18 percent of the value of Shiga Prefecture’s industrial production, electrical machines for 16 percent, and other machines for 11 percent. The prefecture also manufactures glass and ceramics, pharmaceuticals, and wood products. The Lake Biwa area is noted for tourism.