Shigaev, Maksim Grigorevich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shigaev, Maksim Grigor’evich


Born 1726; died Jan. 10 (21), 1775, in Moscow. Iaik Cossack. Comrade-in-arms of E. I. Pugachev. One of the leaders of the Iaik Cossack uprising of 1772.

During the Peasant War (1773–75) led by E. I. Pugachev, Shigaev was Pugachev’s closest aide, a member of the “war college,” and a judge and commander of troops during the siege of Orenburg. On Apr. 7, 1774, he was taken prisoner at Iletskii Gorodok. Shigaev was sentenced to death on Dec. 31, 1774, and was executed together with Pugachev and the other leaders of the uprising.


Limonov, Iu. A., V. V. Mavrodin, and V. M. Paneiakh. Pugachev i ego spodvizhniki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.