Shigella


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shigella

 

a genus of microorganisms of the family Enterobacteriaceae. It comprises different species of the causative agent of dysentery in monkeys and humans. They are gram-negative, nonmotile, nonspore-forming rods measuring 2–3 micrometers long and 0.6 micrometer wide. Aerobes and facultative anaerobes are distinguished. Shigellae form delicate semitransparent colonies on agar. They are subdivided into different types according to the colicins they secrete.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
para typhi B and Shigella dysenteriae, only dye D3 showed some activity with the inhibition zones of 6 mm and 10 mm, respectively.
Our results are compatible with the guidelines developed by WHO periodically, it was announced ciprofloxacin is drug of choice for infection by Shigella species (WHO, 2005).
The spokeswoman added: "The majority of our Shigella cases in Wales are in people who have travelled to other countries and have come back unwell."
Bacterial strain Shigella dysenteriae IM was isolated from drinking water under aseptic conditions.
A cross-sectional study design was carried out to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance pattern of Salmonella and Shigella species among diarrheal patients attending Nekemte Referral Hospital.
Another research of Karachi is also the evident of high rate of resistance in Shigella against Ampicillin and nalidixic Acid 55.5% and 39% respectively.12 Resistance to ampicillin and cotrimoxazole is also observed in E.coli as 72% and 78% respectively.13
However, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an emerging problem among Shigella spp., particularly in Asia and Africa.
Hilleman Laboratories and India's National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED) have partnered to work on the development and marketing of a vaccine for shigella, Pharmafile reported on Tuesday.
(Salmonella and Shigella in food handlers and quinolone resistance).
Shigella bacteria are transmitted through the fecal-oral route by direct contact with an infected person, by ingestion of contaminated food or water, or by fomites.