With the exception of D4, all the dyes tested responded well against the bacterial strain Shigella sonnei
as evident from the recorded values of the inhibition zones (Table-3).
The rising dominance of Shigella sonnei
: an intercontinental shift in the etiology of bacillary dysentery.
is responsible for three-quarters of all cases in the US, while Shigella flexneri is predominant in developing countries [1, 21, 22].
Kattar et al., "Molecular characterization of ESBL-producing Shigella sonnei
isolates from patients with bacilliary dysentery in Lebanon," Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, vol.
An outbreak of extended-spectrum AY-lactamase producing Shigella sonnei
at a day care nursery in Sakai city.
ETEC-STIa ETEC-STIb qRT-PCR qRT-PCR Strain Pathogen(s) (1000XLOD) * (1000XLOD) * AF-ETEC929 ETEC STIa Positive Negative AF-ETEC727 ETEC STIa Positive Negative AF-ETEC877 ETEC STIb Negative Positive AF-ETEC771 ETEC STIb Negative Positive AF-ETEC966 ETEC-LT Negative Negative AF-ETEC083 ETEC-LT Negative Negative ATCC25931 Shigella sonnei
Negative Negative ATCC25922 Escherichia coli Negative Negative ATCC70819 Campy/obacter Negative Negative jejuni AF-SAL0085 Salmonella gr.
Serial number Name of the test organism Gram-positive 1 Streptococcus agalactiae 2 Bacillus cereus Gram-negative 3 Shigella sonnei
4 Shigella boydii 5 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 6 Escherichia coli 7 Proteus mirabilis Table 2: The zones of inhibition against selective bacteria by Methanolic extract of Gardenia coronaria leaves.
The BEF terpolymer and its metal complexes were screened for their antimicrobial activity by disc diffusion method  against six bacterial strains such as Shigella sonnei
, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella species (NCIM 2719), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923), Bacillus subtilis (ATCC 6633), and Salmonella typhimurium (ATCC 23564) and six fungal strains such as Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillium species, Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, and Mucor species.
coli SM-25(1) with Shigella sonnei
that is 99.71% showed the probability of E.
owever we should consider some Escherichia coli strains especially pathogen ones are out of lactose fermenting capability or may be slow fermenter and some other bacteria such as some Shigella sonnei
strains are lactose slow fermenter .