an archaeological culture of the Mesolithic and early Neolithic periods (fifth and fourth millennia B.C.) widespread in the Central Urals and the Trans-Ural Region; named after the finds from the Shigir’ peat bog. Typical implements included bone arrowheads, harpoons, and spears of various shapes and daggers with flint blades. Wooden anthropomorphic figurines—idols—were also found. The chief occupations of the tribes of the Shigir’ culture were fishing and hunting. The similarity between the remains of the Shigir’ culture and the ancient remains of Estonia (seeKUNDA) enabled A. Ia. Briusov to hypothesize that the Baltic Region was settled by people from the Urals Region.