Shih Huang-ti

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Shih Huang-ti

 

(also Ch’in Shih Huang-ti; personal name, Ying Cheng). Born 259 B.C.; died 210 B.C. Ruler of the Ch’in kingdom (246–221 B.C.); emperor of China (221–210 B.C.). Member of the Ch’in Dynasty.

The world view of Shih Huang-ti was strongly influenced by Legism (seeFA-CHIA). After conquering six Chinese kingdoms, he established the centralized Ch’in Empire in 221 B.C. Construction of the Great Wall of China began during his reign in 215 B.C.

Shih Huang-ti had total legislative, executive, and judicial power. In 213 B.C., in an attempt to eliminate the slightest possibility of criticism of his authority, he issued a decree ordering the burning of all literature dealing with the humanities that was being kept in private collections. In 212 B.C., he executed 460 Confucians, whom he had accused of stirring up opposition to his power. During his reign, exploitation of the masses intensified. The consequent popular uprisings led to the destruction of the Ch’in Empire after Shih Huang-ti’s death.

References in periodicals archive ?
You'll learn about who the Emperor Shihuangdi was, how he unified China and why he wanted to be buried surrounded by thousands of clay figures.
C) whose anti-elitist and egalitarian policy transformed the state of Qin into a powerful kingdom, able to unify China one century later, with the first emperor Qin Shihuangdi (260-210).
Two people in this part are historiographically controversial in China: Qin Shihuangdi and Cao Cao.
A mixed use of the pinyin Shihuangdi, and the Wade-Giles Chao-T'o on the same page (p.
Research and write a short report on one of these pivotal figures in Chinese history: Confucius, Emperor Qin Shihuangdi, Kublai Khan, Sun Yat-sen, Mao Zedong, or Deng Xiaoping.
And it was here that, by uniting the country for the first time, Emperor Qin Shihuangdi founded the series of Chinese imperial dynasties which extends up to the present day.
Porcelain warrior figurines, fine paper goods, and stunning silk scarves all make memorable mementos of this landmark exhibition that highlights one of the greatest archaeological finds in history: the Terracotta Army of the Warrior Emperor Qin Shihuangdi.
Washington, March 3 (ANI): A team of researchers has tried to correct the inaccuracies in the account of the exploits of China's first emperor, Qin Shihuangdi, and present a more holistic and realistic view of the ruler.
Fu, the emissary sent by Qin Shihuangdi to the island of the immortals
In Part One, The Imperial Millennia, readers needed to hang on tight while Talbott raced them through the growth of human associations from families and kinship groups through nations and regional powers to the emergence of the large empires with universal pretensions, such as those assembled by Alexander the Great, Rome, Mohammed, the Ottomans, Ashoka, Qin Shihuangdi, Genghis Kahn, Akbar, and Charlemagne--each suggesting it may be possible to govern great numbers of diverse peoples spread over large areas.
It's not a trick to try at the British Museum, where 20 of the clay troops have been deployed as part of 120 ar tefacts on loan from the tomb of Emperor Qin Shihuangdi for the First Emperor Exhibition which is open until April 2008.