Shikoku


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Shikoku

(shĭkō`ko͞o), island (1990 pop. 4,240,265), 7,247 sq mi (18,770 sq km), S Japan, separated from Honshu and Kyushu by the Inland Sea. The smallest of the major islands of Japan, its high mountains and steep slopes limit agriculture and impede communication; there are no volcanoes. Shikoku's climate is humid subtropical. Rice, grains, mulberry, palms, and camphor are the chief products. Fishing and salt production are important, along with the petroleum, metal, paper, and textile industries. A large copper mine is located at Besshi. Population is concentrated along the coast; Takamatsu and Matsuyama are the largest cities.

Shikoku

 

an island in Japan, in the southern part of the Japanese Archipelago. Area, 17,760 sq km (18,800 sq km including about 300 islets and offshore rocks). Population, 3.9 million (1970). Shikoku is bounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Inland Sea, and the Kii, Naruto, Hoyo, and Bungo straits; its coastline is approximately 1,800 km long. The northwestern and southeastern coasts are regular, but parts of the northeastern and southwestern coasts are greatly indented by bays exposed to strong tidal currents.

Shikoku is predominantly mountainous. In the north is the Sanuki range, a chain of hills and low mountains composed mostly of granites. In the island’s southern and central parts are mountains composed primarily of shales; Mount Ishizuchi, at 1,981 m, is the highest point. The largest deposits of copper ore in Japan are found at Besshiyama.

The climate is subtropical and monsoonal. The average temperature in January ranges from 5° to 10°C; in some intermon-tane basins it drops to as low as – 2° C. The average temperature in July ranges from 20° to 28°C. In the north, annual precipitation is less than 1,000 mm, but in the south it may reach 3,000 mm. Typhoons are frequent.

The rivers of Shikoku characteristically descend over frequent stretches of rapids and discharge large volumes of water into the sea; the largest is the Yoshino. High water occurs in the summer. Dense forests of oak, fir, cryptomeria, and hemlock grow on the island’s hillsides.

Citrus fruits are grown widely on Shikoku. Nearby waters yield fish and pearls. The largest cities are Matsuyama, Ima-bari, Niihama, Takamatsu, Tokushima, and Kochi.

IU. K. EFREMOV

Shikoku

the smallest of the four main islands of Japan, separated from Honshu by the Inland Sea: forested and mountainous. Pop.: 4 137 000 (2002 est.). Area: 17 759 sq. km (6857 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Held throughout Shikoku are such traditional events as the Yosakoi Matsuri Festival in Kochi City.
26 October 2011 -- JCR today assigned its BBB+ rating to JPY7bn (USD92m/EUR66m) subordinated callable bonds, due 2 November 2021, to be issued by Shikoku Bank Ltd (TYO:8387).
The suspension also means that only one of the utility's three reactors serving the Shikoku Island in western Japan is now in operation.
This book is a collection of 105 short reflections and poems by Takamure Itsue (1894-1964) on her travels to and around Shikoku in 1918, when she was twenty-three years old.
Shikoku Electric Power Company (Shikoku Electric Power) (TYO: 9507), a Japan-based utility company, is replacing the number two unit of its Sakaide thermal power station in western Japan with a new combined-cycle natural-gas fired generator.
The company will build a group of new units at its sole refinery, the Shikoku plant in Ehime, western Japan, including a 25,000 barrel-per-day (bpd) residual catalytic cracker (RFCC), a 13,000 bpd gasoline desulphurisation unit, a 5,400 bpd propylene unit, and a 6,000 bpd alkylation unit.
The supplier sources the tuna and other organically-grown fish in its line exclusively from farms in waters off Goto Island in Kyushu, Hiburi Island, Shikoku, and the Uwa Sea off Shikoku.
TOKYO - Typhoon Sinlaku arrived on the south coast of Shikoku on Friday morning, the Japan Meteorological Agency said, calling for continued alert for heavy rains, stormy winds and landslides in an extensive area from Shikoku to eastern Japan on the Pacific side.
JIP will handle sales mainly in Tokyo and the Kinki and Tokai areas, while RKK will be responsible for Shikoku, Kyushu, and the Chugoku region.
Debbie Leach, 25, who grew up in Norristhorpe near Mirfield, was holed up in her apartment in the southern Japanese city of Takamatsu on the island of Shikoku as the Examiner went to press.
Yes, they don't like it, but they were forced by a Shikoku company about 15 years ago, in quite a famous antimonopoly lawsuit, to supply parts to third party maintenance companies.