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(shĭkō`ko͞o), island (1990 pop. 4,240,265), 7,247 sq mi (18,770 sq km), S Japan, separated from Honshu and Kyushu by the Inland Sea. The smallest of the major islands of Japan, its high mountains and steep slopes limit agriculture and impede communication; there are no volcanoes. Shikoku's climate is humid subtropical. Rice, grains, mulberry, palms, and camphor are the chief products. Fishing and salt production are important, along with the petroleum, metal, paper, and textile industries. A large copper mine is located at Besshi. Population is concentrated along the coast; Takamatsu and Matsuyama are the largest cities.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an island in Japan, in the southern part of the Japanese Archipelago. Area, 17,760 sq km (18,800 sq km including about 300 islets and offshore rocks). Population, 3.9 million (1970). Shikoku is bounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Inland Sea, and the Kii, Naruto, Hoyo, and Bungo straits; its coastline is approximately 1,800 km long. The northwestern and southeastern coasts are regular, but parts of the northeastern and southwestern coasts are greatly indented by bays exposed to strong tidal currents.

Shikoku is predominantly mountainous. In the north is the Sanuki range, a chain of hills and low mountains composed mostly of granites. In the island’s southern and central parts are mountains composed primarily of shales; Mount Ishizuchi, at 1,981 m, is the highest point. The largest deposits of copper ore in Japan are found at Besshiyama.

The climate is subtropical and monsoonal. The average temperature in January ranges from 5° to 10°C; in some intermon-tane basins it drops to as low as – 2° C. The average temperature in July ranges from 20° to 28°C. In the north, annual precipitation is less than 1,000 mm, but in the south it may reach 3,000 mm. Typhoons are frequent.

The rivers of Shikoku characteristically descend over frequent stretches of rapids and discharge large volumes of water into the sea; the largest is the Yoshino. High water occurs in the summer. Dense forests of oak, fir, cryptomeria, and hemlock grow on the island’s hillsides.

Citrus fruits are grown widely on Shikoku. Nearby waters yield fish and pearls. The largest cities are Matsuyama, Ima-bari, Niihama, Takamatsu, Tokushima, and Kochi.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


the smallest of the four main islands of Japan, separated from Honshu by the Inland Sea: forested and mountainous. Pop.: 4 137 000 (2002 est.). Area: 17 759 sq. km (6857 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Shikoku Electric is an electric power company with a service area that covers entire Shikoku.
The Shikoku Bank is a regional bank with its headquarters in Kochi city, Kochi prefecture.
On busy spring and autumn days in Shikoku (high season for the pilgrimage), Zentsu-ji temple's courtyards bustle with white-robed pilgrims.
Rainfall over the 24-hour period until Saturday morning is expected to reach 200 millimeters in the northern part of the southwestern Kyushu region and adjacent Yamaguchi Prefecture, 180 mm in southern Kyushu and 150 mm in Shikoku, the agency said.
By Tuesday night, rainfall of 100-120 millimeters is expected in the Amami region, and 80-100 mm is anticipated in some areas in southern Kyushu and Shikoku, which could cause landslides, the agency said.
Shikoku Electric found that a metal tube in the unit's boiler was damaged and had it fixed, the firm's officials said.
The system will not greatly impact areas north of the Kanto region, where Tokyo is located, but heavy rain could still fall in central and western areas such as Tokai, Kinki and Shikoku, the agency said, warning about possible mudslides.
After departing Takamatsu airport around 9:25 a.m., the pilot noticed smoke coming from the aft end of the aircraft, which was chartered by Shikoku Electric Power Co.
Meanwhile, Shikoku Electric Power Co., another utility supplying surplus power to Kansai Electric, said it has suspended the operations of its No.
The quake originated some 60 kilometers beneath the Bungo Channel between Kyushu and Shikoku, two of Japan's four main islands.
A powerful typhoon may make landfall on Shikoku Island and the Kinki region, including Osaka Prefecture, in western Japan by Friday night or Saturday, bringing torrential rain with it, the Japan Meteorological Agency said Friday.
Chubu Electric Power Co., which serves the central Japan region, and Shikoku Electric Power Co., which serves the island of Shikoku, said the agency asked them to dress up the symposiums by bringing in company employees and related personnel as audience members.