Shikotan


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shikotan

 

(also Stkotan), the largest island in the Lesser Chain of the Kuril Islands of the USSR. Shikotan, which has a rugged coast, covers an area of 182 sq km and rises to an elevation of 412 m. Shikotan is composed of volcanic rocks and sandstones of the Upper Cretaceous and Cenozoic. Groves of Sakhalin fir (Abies sachalinensis), Kuril larch, and deciduous trees and low-growing bamboo are found on the slopes, and dwarf junipers grow on the crests. Oceanic meadows are found on the coastal terraces. The populated points Malokuril’skoe and Krabozavodskoe are located on the island. Economic activities include fishing and hunting of sea animals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tokyo claims ownership of the four southern Kuril islands, Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan and Habomai under the bilateral trade agreement of 1855.
However, the ownership of Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan Islands and the Habomai Islands is being challenged by Japan.
To be precise, the long-standing feud relates to three islands (Iturup/Etorofu, Kunashir/Kunashiri, and Shikotan) and the rocky Habomai islets (as shown in the graphic above), all of which Russia seized after WWII.
The four isles off Hokkaido, Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan and the Habomai, were seized by the Soviet Union shortly after Japan surrendered to the Allied powers on Aug.
The dispute over the ownership of the four islands off Hokkaido -- Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan and the Habomai islet group -- has prevented the two countries from concluding a peace treaty.
The incident took place in waters a few kilometers off Kunashiri Island, one of the four disputed islands east of Hokkaido that also include the islands of Etorofu and Shikotan and the Habomai group of islets.
Prior to the Etorofu project, Itochu bid for the contract for another power project on Russian-held Shikotan Island in February 1999.
The two-track approach calls for dialogue on the return of Shikotan Island and the Habomai group of islets, the smaller of the islands, to take place separately but simultaneously with talks on the fate of the two remaining islands, Kunashiri and Etorofu.
The two-track talks concern conditions for the return of the Habomai group of islets and Shikotan Island to Japan and the fate of the two other Russian-held islands of Kunashiri and Etorofu located off northern Hokkaido.
Local authorities in Shikotan -- one of the four Japanese-claimed islands off northern Hokkaido -- on Thursday began cutting electricity supply for 12 hours each day as a result of fuel shortage, the Russian news agency Itar-Tass said.
However, Japan challenged the ownership of Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan islands and a number of uninhibited islands of the Lesser Kuril Ridge called the Habomai Islands in Japan.