Shikra


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shikra

 

(Accipiter badius), a predatory bird of the family Accipitridae. The body measures 30–38 cm in length. The females are larger than the males. The dorsal side of the body in males is grayish blue, and the ventral side has narrow reddish transverse stripes. In females the dorsal side is more brown and the stripes on the ventral side are broader.

The shikra is distributed in southeastern Europe, the tropical regions of Africa, and South Asia. In the USSR it is found in the southern European part of the country, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. A migratory bird, it lives in floodplain forests, groves, orchards, and parks with tall, old trees, nesting high in the trees. There are three or four eggs in a clutch. The female broods 33–35 days. The shikra feeds on lizards, rodents, large insects, and small birds. In Middle Asia it is a beneficial bird, as it feeds on sparrows.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
While responding to a request for medical evacuation from 'JMSDF Sazanami', the Navy launched a Sea King helicopter from INS Shikra and landed on the Japanese ship at sea, situated around 235 km off Mumbai.
"A joint force of the 6th Regiment and the 14th Brigade cleared the villages of Al-Asfoura, Shikra, Zarnuk, Lzakah, Badoush mountain range and Atshana mountains, northwest of Mosul, as part of the third phase of the will of victory process," a PMF statement said.
Among the local species, shikra (Accipiter badius) can be found along the rivers, and Caucasian snowcock (Tetraogallus caucasicus) is present on the rock falls.
Seven species of predators were identified: Indian palm squirrel Funambulus palmarum, house crow Corvus splendens, jungle crow Corvus macrorhynchos, shikra Accipiter badius, Eurasian sparrow hawk Accipiter nisus, rufous treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda, snake (unidentified species).
Shikra (bird) Awareness Day was also celebrated in collaboration with the Punjab Hawking Club.
Mumbai: Vice-Admiral Girish Luthra on Monday assumed charge as the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Western Naval Command (WNC) from Vice-Admiral Sunil Lanba at a ceremonial parade held at the Indian Navy's helicopter base INS Shikra.
Seasonal stresses like extremely low environmental temperature and consequently poor temperature controlling measures (Shikra et al., 2005; Hossain et al., 2010; Heleili et al., 2011) and other weak managemental practices may contribute to this seasonal difference (Ahmad, 1998; Mukhtar et al., 2012).
One of the species spotted was the Shikra sparrow hawk, which has been added to Turkey's bird species list.
Accipitridae Accipiter tachiro African goshawk Circus ranivorus African marsh harrier Accipitridae Bird of prey Elanus caeruleus Black-shouldered kite Melierax metabates Dark chanting goshawk Kaupifalco Lizard buzzard monogrammicus Circus ranivorus Marsh harrier Accipiter ovampensis Ovambo sparrowhawk Circus macrourus Pallid harrier Acccipiter badius Shikra 2.
Mobile sensors come in the form of mobile Shikra early-warning radars.
Meanwhile, bolstering its coastal defense capabilities in the aftermath of the Mumbai terror attacks, the Indian Navy will today commission here its first helicopter base INS Shikra, an official said.