Silla

(redirected from Shilla)

Silla

 

one of the three early states—Silla, Koguryo, and Paekche—that arose as the primitive communal order on the Korean Peninsula disintegrated; Silla was located in the southeastern part of the peninsula.

Although chronicles traditionally date the rise of Silla to 57 B.C., the tribes in the southeastern part of the Korean Peninsula, led by the Saro (or Silla) tribe, were brought together only in the course of the first few centuries of the common era. A state was not really formed until the sixth century, when, over a considerable area, the geographical division of the population was consolidated, organs of state administration were created, and Buddhism became the state religion. Thenceforth, the three states fought an increasingly bitter struggle for domination of the peninsula, while the Chinese dynasties actively intervened in the struggle. Silla, in alliance with the Chinese T’ang dynasty, defeated Paekche in 660 and Koguryo in 668; however, the T’ang dynasty’s subsequent attempts to entrench itself in the Korean Peninsula provoked a national liberation struggle, during which Silla united all Korea south of the Taedong-gang (river).

The rise of a united state of Silla in the late seventh century was an important stage in the formation of the Korean nationality and in the development of feudal relations. Irrigated crop cultivation and crafts made significant strides in Silla. In the ninth century, as large-scale landowning grew and separatism among feudal lords increased, the state of Silla broke up into numerous appanages.

M. N. PAK

References in periodicals archive ?
Hotel Shilla is another favorite place for North Korean delegates _for the same reason _ being overlooked by Mount Nam and with limited accessibility.
The wedding will take place on Tuesday at The Shilla Seoul's Yeong Bin Gwan at 4 p.
This sealed the first political division of the Korean peninsula since the 7th century, when Korea was united under the Kingdom of Shilla.
Shilla Korean Restaurant is supposed to be located in the Town & Country Plaza at Beneva and Fruitville.
Heinemann, LS Travel Retail, Lotte Duty Free, Nuance Group, Shilla Duty Free and Stellar Partners, Inc.
Under the deal, Samsung Electronics plans to sell a total of 2,164,970 shares of Samsung Fine Chemicals, as well as stakes in other affiliates (Samsung SDI, Samsung C/T, Hotel Shilla, and Samsung Electro-Mechanics).
Orthopedic, neurosurgery, and other medical specialists from Europe, North America, Egypt, and Malaysia provide 34 chapters that cover the growth and development of the spine, including the genetics of congenital scoliosis and abnormal vertebral segmentation and the respiratory implications of abnormal spinal development; congenital deformities of the spine; infantile idiopathic scoliosis; the growing rod treatment and the Shilla procedure; neuromuscular scoliosis; syndromic scoliosis; perioperative care; international viewpoints; and clinical trials, whether there is a gold standard surgical option, the use of magnetic growing rods, and current gaps in knowledge.
Meanwhile, the VIP clients of Yongda Auto could enjoy the value-added services that provided by the Shilla Duty Free Shop, a subordinate organization of Samsung Group and the most representative duty-free store in South Korea.
Lotte City Hotel from Lotte Group and Shilla Stay, which is a sub-brand of the Hotel Shilla, are at the forefront of new hotel developments.
Speaking at the opening ceremony of the 16th World Knowledge Forum (WKF) at the Jangchung-The Shilla Seoul here, Park expressed confidence that the WKF will provide "new hopes for mankind.
SEOUL, July 10 (KUNA) -- The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea (ROK) held an Iftar (dinner) banquet at Hotel Shilla here on Friday in commemoration of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
Companies Mentioned in this Report: DFS Group, Lotte Duty Free, The Shilla Duty Free, Ever Rich Group, King Power International (Thailand), Sunrise Duty Free, The Nuance Group, China Duty Free group, King Power Group (Hong Kong), Sky Connection Limited (Free Duty), Dufry, Japan Airport Terminal Co.