Shillingovskii, Pavel Aleksandrovich
Born Feb. 16 (28), 1881, in Kishinev; died Apr. 5, 1942, in Leningrad. Soviet graphic artist.
Shillingovskii studied at the Odessa Art School from 1895 to 1900 under K. K. Kostandi, G. A. Ladyzhenskii, and A. A. Popov and at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts from 1901 to 1914 under D. N. Kardovskii and V. V. Mate. He taught at the Academy of Arts in Leningrad from 1921 to 1929 and from 1935 to 1937.
Shillingovskii’s etchings and woodcuts, mainly landscapes and portraits, are distinguished for their clarity of line and austerity. They reveal the artist’s debt to the heritage of classical engraving. Shillingovskii also worked as a painter and lithographer. His works include the series “Bessarabia” (etching, 1913), “St. Petersburg: Ruins and Resurrection” (woodcut, 1922–23), and “Besieged City” (woodcut, 1941–42), as well as woodcut portraits of T. Zal’kaln (1918), V. I. Lenin (1924), and K. Marx (1933). He also executed illustrations for Homer’s Odyssey (published 1935).