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(shĭmä`nā), prefecture (1990 pop. 781,005), SW Honshu, Japan, on the Sea of Japan. MatsueMatsue
, city (1990 pop. 142,956), capital of Shimane prefecture, SW Honshu, Japan, a port on the Sea of Japan. It is an important distribution center and a popular tourist spot. Landmarks include the 17th cent.
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 (the capital), HamadaHamada
, city (1990 pop. 49,135), Shimane prefecture, SW Honshu, Japan, on the Japan Sea. It is a fishing and commercial port.
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, and IzumoIzumo
, city (1990 pop. 82,679), Shimane prefecture, SW Honshu, Japan, on the Hii River. It is an important railway and road hub and stock-raising center. Its smaller industries include silk manufacture, woodworking, and brewing.
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 are the most important cities. Stock raising, lumbering, and rice growing are important activities. The Oki Islands are part of Shimane.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a prefecture in Japan, in the southwestern part of the island of Honshu. Area, 6,600 sq km. Population. 769,000 (1975), approximately one-half urban. The capital is Matsue.

Shimane Prefecture, a part of Chugoku economic region, is one of Japan’s less developed prefectures. Agriculture and fishing are the mainstays of the economy. About 69,000 hectares of land are under cultivation, principally in rice, which yielded a harvest of 170,000 tons in 1972. Vegetables, grapes, flowers, tobacco, and ginseng are also grown. About 63,000 head of cattle are raised, primarily for meat and to a lesser extent for dairy products. Forest products are of some importance to the economy of the prefecture.

Shimane Prefecture produces copper ore, lead, molybdenum, iron sands (Torikami-mura region), arsenic (Sasagatani), and gypsum. It has a hydroelectric power plant; a nuclear power plant, with a capacity of 460 megawatts, is under construction in the city of Kashima (1975). Shimane Prefecture’s major industries are metallurgy and the textile, food-and-condiments, pulp-and-paper, and wood-products industries. Traditional handicrafts include the manufacture of ceramics and lacquer ware. A new industrial complex is under construction near Kashima.

Shimane Prefecture has tourism and national parks at lki Islet, Shimane Peninsula, and Mount M ihe.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This photo released by the Shimane Nichinichi Shimbun via Jiji Press on April 9, 2018, shows the tarmac along a street damaged by an earthquake in the city of Oda, Shimane prefecture. (AFP PHOTO / SHIMANE NICHINICHI SHIMBUN AND JIJI PRESS / SHIMANE NICHINICHI SHIMBUN VIA JIJI PRESS / Japan OUT /MANILA BULLETIN)
This created a sense of victimhood in Shimane Prefecture, which by passing the 'Takeshima Day' ordinance in 2005 brought the territorial dispute to the fore of the domestic debates on Japan's relations with South Korea.
There were no abnormalities detected at the Ikata nuclear plant in Ehime prefecture or at the Shimane plant in Shimane prefecture. More than 18,000 people died when a 9.0-magnitude undersea earthquake sent a towering tsunami barrelling into Japan's northeast coast in March 2011 in the country's worst post-World War II disaster.
The protesters took to the streets near the Japanese Embassy in Seoul on Saturday, countering an annual rally held in Shimane prefecture in western Japan to mark Tokyo's claim to the islands controlled by South Korea, press tv reported.
The three include Norio Kuboi, deputy director of an organization opposed to Shimane Prefecture's designation of a day commemorating the islets incorporation as Japanese territory more than a century ago.
Japan considers the islets part of the town of Okinoshima in Shimane Prefecture.
They were used by the predecessor of JR West as the Hamakaze bullet train on a track linking Osaka and Tottori, Tottori Prefecture, in western Japan, and then as the Yakumo train on a track linking Okayama, Okayama Prefecture, also in western Japan, and Izumo, Shimane Prefecture.
had an intensity of 4 on the Japanese seismic scale in Miyoshi city in Hiroshima Prefecture, and the town of Misato in Shimane Prefecture.
About 20 new holes in the ground believed to be pits for silver mining have been found at the World Heritage-designated ruins of a silver mine in Shimane Prefecture, western Japan, local education board officials said Thursday.
The farm, in Shimane prefecture, keeps about 20,000 hens for their eggs, all of which have been killed and are to be burnt and buried.
Hokkaido prefecture (except in and around Sapporo), Aomori prefecture, Akita prefecture, Iwate prefecture, Miyagi prefecture, Yamagata prefecture, Fukushima prefecture, Shizuoka prefecture, Nagano prefecture, Toyama prefecture, Ishikawa prefecture, Fukui prefecture, Mie prefecture, Nara prefecture, Wakayama prefecture, Tottori prefecture, Shimane prefecture, Okayama prefecture, Hiroshima prefecture, Yamaguchi prefecture, Kagawa prefecture, Ehime prefecture, Tokushima prefecture, Kochi prefecture, Oita prefecture, Miyazaki prefecture, Saga prefecture, Nagasaki prefecture, Kumamoto prefecture, Kagoshima prefecture, Okinawa prefecture.