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a city under oblast jurisdiction and the administrative center of Shimanovsk Raion, Amur Oblast, RSFSR. Shimanovsk is situated on the Bol’shaia Pera River, a right tributary of the Zeia, 251 km north of Blagoveshchensk. The city is served by a railroad station on the Trans-Siberian Railroad. It has construction and prefabricated-housing combines, a plant producing forge and press equipment, and a plant for the repair of road- construction machinery. Other industrial establishments include a ballast plant, a plant for the production of gravel made from keramzit (artificial porous filler), a brickyard, a butter factory, and enterprises serving railroad transportation. A complex of enterprises of the construction industry for the Baikal-Amur Main Line was under construction in 1978.