Shimon Peres

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Peres, Shimon

(shē`mōn pâr`ĕs), 1923–2016, Israeli politician, b. Wiszniew, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus) as Shimon Perski. His family immigrated to Palestine in 1934; his grandparents, who remained in Poland, were killed in the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. Before the establishment of Israel (1949) he served as manpower chief of the Haganah, the fledgling Jewish military. He subsequently was Israel's head of naval services and became director-general of the defense ministry in 1951.

Peres was first elected to the Knesset, Israel's parliament, in 1959. Instrumental in the formation of the Labor party (1968), Peres was minister of defense from 1974 to 1977, when he was elected party chairman. After losing two bids (1977 and 1981) for the prime ministership, he alternated (1984–86) in the office with Likud party leader Yitzhak ShamirShamir, Yitzhak
, 1915–2012, Zionist activist and Israeli politician, b. Poland. Emigrating (1935) to Palestine, he was twice arrested by the British for participating in a militant Jewish organization; in 1946 he fled to France.
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 in a national unity government and was widely praised for helping to remove Israeli troops from Lebanon and for slashing runaway inflation. He was later foreign minister (1986) and, after again losing to Shamir (1988), finance minister in unity governments led by the prime minister.

In 1992, Yitzhak RabinRabin, Yitzhak
, 1922–95, Israeli general and statesman, b. Jerusalem, the first native-born prime minister of Israel (1974–77, 1992–95). His extensive military experience began in 1940 when he joined the Haganah (Jewish militia) and thereafter fought in the
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, who had just ousted Peres as Labor party leader, became prime minister and appointed Peres foreign minister. Peres negotiated the historic Oslo peace accords (1993) with the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
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 (PLO), for which he was awarded, with Rabin and PLO leader Yasir ArafatArafat, Yasir or Yasser
, 1929–2004, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the coordinating body for Palestinian organizations, and head of Al Fatah, the largest group in the PLO.
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, the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize. In Nov., 1995, Rabin was assassinated, and Peres succeeded him as prime minister and defense minister. In the May, 1996, elections he narrowly lost the prime ministership to the Likud candidate Benjamin NetanyahuNetanyahu, Benjamin or Binyamin
, 1949–, Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99, 2009–), b. Tel Aviv.
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.

After the election (1999) of Ehud BarakBarak, Ehud
, 1942–, Israeli military and political leader, prime minister of Israel (1999–2001). The son of East European immigrants in Palestine, he was born Ehud Brog, later adopting the Hebrew name Barak [lightning].
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 as prime minister, Peres was named minister of regional cooperation. In 2000 he lost a bid for the largely ceremonial position of Israeli president. Peres was foreign minister in a government of national unity (2001–2) under Ariel SharonSharon, Ariel
, 1928–2014, Israeli general and politician, b. Kfar Malal as Ariel Scheinerman. As a teenager he joined the Haganah, the underground Zionist military brigade, and took his Hebrew name from the Sharon Plain, where he worked in 1947.
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 and later vice prime minister in a Likud-and-Labor-dominated coalition government (2005). He also was party leader again from 2003 to 2005, and subsequently lent support to Sharon's formation (2005) of the centrist Kadima party. Under Prime Minister Ehud OlmertOlmert, Ehud
, 1945–, Israeli politician. After serving in the army and working as a lawyer, he won election to the Knesset in 1973 as a Likud candidate. Under Prime Minister Shamir he was minister without portfolio (1988–90) and minister of health (1990–92).
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, Peres served (2006–7) as vice prime minister and minister for the development of the Negev and Galilee; from 2007 to 2014 he was president of Israel. He was the author of a dozen books including the memoirs Battling for Peace (1995) and No Room for Small Dreams (2017).

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References in periodicals archive ?
These shootings came during the US vice president, Joe Biden's visit to meet with the Israeli Prime Minister, Benyamin Netanyahu, and former president, Shimon Perez in Jaffa.
Although tension between Turkey and Israel escalated after an incident in 2009 at the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, when then-Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an stormed out of a panel discussion after lambasting then-Israeli President Shimon Perez, the trade volume between the two countries has been on the rise.
Israel's president Shimon Perez warned that a ground invasion could happen "quite soon".
Hagel is expected to meet with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, President Shimon Perez, and counterpart Moshe Ya'alon during his two-day visit.
Erdoy-an's government began to address Arab sentiments by speaking openly about the rights of the Palestinian people to an independent state, and using verbal confrontation--Erdoy-an's public row over Gaza with Israeli President Shimon Perez at the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2009, in which Erdoy-an stormed off the stage--and physical confrontation--the dispatch of the Mavi Marmara to Gaza--to gain Arab trust.
According to a large number of Israeli politicians and leaders including the Israeli President Shimon Perez, the greatest threat to Israel's security, interests and future consists of allowing the present difference over the Iranian matter to turn into a conflict on the long run since Israel will be the main affected party in that case.
Pronee auparavant par le president israelien Shimon Perez, cette paix economique, qui a deja seduit un grand nombre d'hommes d'affaires palestiniens et israeliens et qui a ete partiellement approuvee par l'autorite palestinienne, ne servira pas forcement la solution des deux Etats a laquelle aspirent les Palestiniens, fait-on observer.
The level of abuse from many Israelis, that has been directed at world-renowned scientist Stephen Hawking for choosing to boycott an Israeli conference hosted by Israeli President Shimon Perez -- thereby throwing his weight behind the academic boycott of Israel -- is appalling.
The US Defense Secretary's official itinerary includes meetings with Israeli President, Shimon Perez; Israeli Premier, Benjamin Netanyahu; and, Israeli War Minister, Moshe Ya'alon, in order explore with them various issues, including the Syrian and Iranian dossiers.
This, according to the reports of the most influential Israeli paper Haaretz in 2008, was admitted by Bulgarian President Georgi Pervanov to his Israeli counterpart Shimon Perez during his visit to Jerusalem.
Shimon Perez, President of the State of Israel," and signed from "Mohamed Morsy, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt."
I was pained to read in the biography of former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Perez that his country was investing in the minds of its youth much more than the entire GCC countries were together investing on their oil.