Shimonoseki


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Shimonoseki

(shē`mōnōsā'kē), city (1990 pop. 262,635), Yamaguchi prefecture, extreme SW Honshu, Japan. An important port and fishing center on Shimonoseki Strait, it is opposite KitakyushuKitakyushu
, city (1990 pop. 1,026,455), Fukuoka prefecture, N Kyushu, Japan, on the Shimonoseki Strait between the Inland Sea and the Korea Strait. It was formed in 1963 by the union of the cities of Kokura, Moji, Tobata, Wakamatsu, and Yawata (or Yahata), which are now wards.
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, with which it is connected by bridge and tunnel. Shimonoseki is a railroad and industrial center, with engineering works, shipyards, and metal and chemical plants. It is also a port, with ferry connections to Busan (Pusan), South Korea. In the city is Akamagu, a 12th-century shrine dedicated to Emperor Antoku and to the Taira clan, which was defeated at Shimonoseki by the Minamoto clan in the famous naval battle of Dan-no-ura. In 1864 a fleet of U.S., British, French, and Dutch ships bombarded the port in retaliation for hostile acts of the Choshu clan. The Treaty of Shimonoseki, which ended the Sino-Japanese War, was negotiated and signed in 1895. The Shimonoseki Aquarium is the largest in Japan.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shimonoseki

 

a city in Japan, in Yamaguchi Prefecture; located on the southwestern part of the island of Honshu, on Shimonoseki Strait. Population, 257,000 (1972).

Shimonoseki and the city of Moji (Kyushu Island) together make up the port of Kammon, which is a junction for transportation between the islands of Honshu and Kyushu. The port has ferry and steamship lines and an underwater tunnel with two levels, for motor-vehicle and railroad transportation. Shimonoseki has enterprises for the production of transportation vehicles, shipyards, and chemical and cement plants. Zinc is smelted and petroleum is refined on the island of Hiko-shima. Shimonoseki is a center for the fishing and fish-canning industries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Shimonoseki

a port in SW Japan, on SW Honshu: scene of the peace treaty (1895) ending the Sino-Japanese War; a heavy industrial centre. Pop.: 246 924 (2002 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The well-attended ceremony was held at the Enoura Plant of MHI's Shimonoseki Shipyard & Machinery Works in Yamaguchi Prefecture.
1 delicacy of Shunpanro restaurant in Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi, known as the "Fugu Capital" of Japan.
No changes will be made in the structures of shipbuilding activities for commercial vessels at Shimonoseki Shipyard & Machinery Works and vessels for the Japan Ministry of Defense at Nagasaki Shipyard.
With the race expected to be a fight between Hiraoka, 59, who lost his House of Representatives seat in the December election, and the LDP's Kiyoshi Ejima, former Shimonoseki mayor, the race will be closely watched as a prelude to the upper house poll scheduled for summer.
On Wednesday morning, a Bank of Japan Policy Board member, Ryuzo Miyao, said in his speech in Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi Prefecture, the risk of a prolonged global economic slowdown has increased but market players shrugged off his speech, according to Ino.
The company is aiming to lure 10 percent of the 1.5 million people living in areas centering on Kitakyushu and nearby Shimonoseki and hopes to achieve an average boarding rate of 65 percent, Yonehara said.
[bar] Police officers investigate damaged Ferrari cars at the site of a traffic accident on the Chugoku Expressway in Shimonoseki, south-western Japan, on Sunday.
At a launching ceremony held at the Shimonoseki Shipyard of shipbuilder Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., JOGMEC abstained from a bouquet presentation and displaying fireworks out of consideration for victims of the March 11 earthquake that ravaged northeastern Japan, while attendees offered silent prayers.
Shimonoseki Technical High School, Shimonoseki, Japan, 2002 (http://sweb.nctd.go.jp/g_support/-others/k_ys_s01.pdf)
The Japanese man is said to have entered South Korea as a tourist about 10 days ago by taking a boat from Shimonoseki port in Japan's Yamaguchi Prefecture to the South Korean port of Busan.