Samson

(redirected from Shimshon)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Samson,

in the Bible, judge of Israel. His long hair was a symbol of his vows to God, and because of this covenant Samson was strong. The enemies of his people, the Philistines, accomplished his destruction through the woman Delilah. By cutting his hair she forced him to break his vow and thus destroyed his might. Captured and blinded and chained in the temple of the Philistines, he regained his strength as his hair grew long again, and with his bare hands he pulled down the temple, destroying himself along with his enemies. The Samson cycle was probably drawn from popular oral folk tales and may be a myth connected with the cult of sun worship. Milton's Samson Agonistes is a celebrated English poem on the blinded Samson.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Samson

 

(in Hebrew Shimshon, presumably from shemesh, “sun”), in biblical mythology a hero to whom supernatural physical strength and bravery were ascribed.

Samson performed many exploits in fighting against the Philistines—for example, he slew 1,000 of the enemy and stole the gates of the city of Gaza. He fell into enemy hands as a result of the treachery of the Philistine woman Delilah, who cut off Samson’s hair, the source of his magic strength. While in captivity, Samson’s hair grew back, and his former strength returned to him. When the Philistines led him out to the temple of Dagon, Samson used all his strength to topple the pillars supporting the building, and the temple came crashing down. Samson perished along with his enemies.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Samson

Israelite hero treacherously blinded by Philistines. [O.T.: Judges 16:4–21]

Samson

strong, brave judge of Israel; strength was in his hair. [O.T.: Judges 13–16]
See: Bravery

Samson

the Hercules of the Israelites; rendered powerless when Delilah cut off his hair. [O.T.: Judges 13–16]
See: Hair

Samson

hero of Israel. [O.T.: Judges 13–16]
See: Heroism

Samson

possessed extraordinary might which derived from hair. [O.T.: Judges 16:17]

Samson

consecrated to God in abstinence. [O.T.: Judges 13:4–5]

Samson

brings down the temple of the Philistines to avenge their blinding of him and dies in the process. [O.T.: Judges 16:28-30]

Samson

strength derived from his hair; betrayed by Delilah. [O.T.: Judges 16]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Samson

a judge of Israel, who performed herculean feats of strength against the Philistine oppressors until he was betrayed to them by his mistress Delilah (Judges 13--16)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The cemetery is the final resting of Shimshon Klueger, the only Jew to return to the town after 1945.
The former Minister of Justice, the late Yaakov Shimshon Shapira, a Zionist through and through, told me once that, as the Legal Advisor of the government, he had advised David Ben-Gurion not to enact the Law of Return -- because he would never find an answer to the question "who is a Jew".
"All our purpose is to try to press the government to get the right decisions, brave decisions, that will bring to the situation that Gilad Shalit will be released," Shimshon Liebmen, spokesman for the Shalit campaign said.
At the rally Shalit family spokesperson Shimshon Liebman said, in a comment directed toward Barak, As defense minister you are responsible for the soldier Gilad Shalit.
It could be that the prime minister's statement affected people and made them decide to take part," Shimshon Liebman, the head of the free Shalit campaign, told AFP.
"We are strong enough to (trade) hundreds of murderers for Gilad Shalit," said Shimshon Liebman, head of the public campaign for the soldier s release.
Olmert's office prepared a list of 15 Likud central committee members and their associates, including Shlomo Durani, Yaakov Nissim Stern, Roni Jarafi and Shimshon Madmoni.
<![CDATA[ Rabbi Shimshon Nadel made immigrated to Israel last summer and is now celebrating Israel's Independence Day for the first time ever as an Israeli]]>
The last Jew in Oswiecim was Shimshon Klueger, who having survived the Holocaust, returned to his home town where his body is incarcerated in a special tomb.
Two Orthodox rabbis, Shimshon Grossman and David Mercado, are vying to become head of a leading New York yeshiva; and, over the course of a week, they and nine other Jews connected with the Torah academy present to a search committee their opinions on which candidate should be selected.