Shining Path

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Shining Path,

Span. Sendero Luminoso, Peruvian Communist guerrilla force, officially the Communist party of Peru. Founded in 1970 by Abimael Guzmán Reynoso as an orthodox Marxist-Leninist offshoot of the Peruvian Communist party, the Shining Path turned to terrorismterrorism,
the threat or use of violence, often against the civilian population, to achieve political or social ends, to intimidate opponents, or to publicize grievances.
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 in 1980. By the mid-1980s it had several thousand guerrillas, largely in rural central and S Peru. The group began urban terrorism in the late 1980s. In 1992 President FujimoriFujimori, Alberto
, 1938–, president of Peru (1990–2000), b. Lima, Peru. The son of Japanese immigrants, he was educated in Peru and attended Univ. of Wisconsin. Fujimori was an unknown economist when he scored an upset in the 1990 presidential elections.
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 instituted martial law, and the subsequent capture and life sentence of Guzmán and the jailing of most the organization's central committee diminished their guerrilla raids and largely ended any serious threat to the government. The group persisted, however, continuing its attacks on a smaller scale, and experienced a minor resurgence from 2007, when it became involved in protecting the illegal cocaine trade. In 20 years of fighting as many as 69,000 people, most of them civilians, died. In 2003, Guzmán's conviction was overturned, but a new proceeding in 2004 ended in a mistrial. Guzmán was retried a second time beginning in 2005, and was convicted in 2006 and sentenced to life in prison. In 2012 the government claimed to have defeated a remnant group operating in central Peru; other remnants remained in S Peru.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Shining Path was a brutal Maoist insurgency working to create a communist state in Peru.
Deputy defence minister Ivan Vega said: "With this [rescue operation], the Shining Path loses a considerable number of people.
Just as Shining Path was beaten in Peru, so can terrorists be defeated by reforms that create an unstoppable constituency for rising living standards in the Middle East and North Africa.
The war for Peru launched in 1980 by the Maoist insurgents known as Shining Path surprised the country.
The clash occurred Sunday night in Llochegua, a rugged jungle area in the Apurimac, Ene and Mantaro River Valley where Shining Path guerrillas work in partnership with cocaine traffickers.
With this in mind, we focused on a circumstance that has had a significant impact on the last several decades in Peru: the actions of the Shining Path (SP) terrorist group and its current configuration in the journalistic discourse.
The Shining Path rebels were severely weakened in the 1990s after failing to install a Communist state, but some remain active in Southern Peru.
Where these systems of community authority and justice flourished, as in Huaychao, Shining Path militants encountered staunch opposition from peasants.
When Shining Path emerged in 1980, its aim was to replace what it described as a bourgeois democracy with a Maoist communist government and a 'new democracy'.
Similarly, Shining Path built support among the disenfranchised while targeting socially progressive competitors, such as trade unions and community groups, for public support.
The Shining Path is a militant Maoist organization that carried out terror attacks across Peru in the 1980s and 1990s, with the goal of replacing what it saw as bourgeois democracy with "new democracy.
Ironically, when he sought to oppose the growing power and influence of Shining Path in contesting the Peruvian presidency in 1990 as a liberal, he was defeated by the populist Alberto Fujimori, who promptly suppressed Sendero Luminoso and eliminated constitutional protections.