Shining Path


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Shining Path,

Span. Sendero Luminoso, Peruvian Communist guerrilla force, officially the Communist party of Peru. Founded in 1970 by Abimael Guzmán Reynoso as an orthodox Marxist-Leninist offshoot of the Peruvian Communist party, the Shining Path turned to terrorismterrorism,
the threat or use of violence, often against the civilian population, to achieve political or social ends, to intimidate opponents, or to publicize grievances.
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 in 1980. By the mid-1980s it had several thousand guerrillas, largely in rural central and S Peru. The group began urban terrorism in the late 1980s. In 1992 President FujimoriFujimori, Alberto
, 1938–, president of Peru (1990–2000), b. Lima, Peru. The son of Japanese immigrants, he was educated in Peru and attended Univ. of Wisconsin. Fujimori was an unknown economist when he scored an upset in the 1990 presidential elections.
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 instituted martial law, and the subsequent capture and life sentence of Guzmán and the jailing of most the organization's central committee diminished their guerrilla raids and largely ended any serious threat to the government. The group persisted, however, continuing its attacks on a smaller scale, and experienced a minor resurgence from 2007, when it became involved in protecting the illegal cocaine trade. In 20 years of fighting as many as 69,000 people, most of them civilians, died. In 2003, Guzmán's conviction was overturned, but a new proceeding in 2004 ended in a mistrial. Guzmán was retried a second time beginning in 2005, and was convicted in 2006 and sentenced to life in prison. In 2012 the government claimed to have defeated a remnant group operating in central Peru; other remnants remained in S Peru.
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References in periodicals archive ?
But the other military components must focus only on defeating the Shining Path. Accordingly, an appropriate ratio of police and military resources cannot be used effectively to counter the interdependent threats of terrorism and drug trafficking.
The photographs that Greene includes are powerful reminders of the violence that swept through Peru during the Shining Path war against the state and he does an excellent job of explaining how punk artists used images from the popular media outlets to create their own statements to criticize consumer culture in the manner of Andy Warhol.
The Shining Path insurgent group had already taken over portions of land and initiated a revolutionary upheaval of the fitness landscape to introduce a communist landscape.
Deputy defence minister Ivan Vega said: "With this [rescue operation], the Shining Path loses a considerable number of people.
"(The Shining Path) comes from a reverse research process.
Just as Shining Path was beaten in Peru, so can terrorists be defeated by reforms that create an unstoppable constituency for rising living standards in the Middle East and North Africa.
The war for Peru launched in 1980 by the Maoist insurgents known as Shining Path surprised the country.
Intelligence sources from the country's southeast indicated that the Shining Path's number two commander, Alejandro Borda Casafranca, known as "Comrade Alipio," was killed, said Humala.
This article examines the journalistic construction of the figure of "Artemio," one of the leaders of the terrorist organization Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso).
It was at the university that Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path), the revolutionary organization that was founded by Abimael Guzman, a lecturer in philosophy at UNSCH, and that gained notoriety in the 1980s for its brutal violence, first took root.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A court in Peru sentenced the last of the original leaders of the Shining Path rebels to life in prison.
Though it did not mention a motive for potential kidnappings, the warning was widely interpreted as linked to Peru's renewed attempt to crack down on coca growing in a slew of jungle valleys known as the VRAEM controlled by a remnant band of Maoist Shining Path rebels.