Shira


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shira

 

an urban-type settlement and the administrative center of Shira Raion, Khakass Autonomous Oblast, Krasnoiarsk Krai, RSFSR. The settlement is served by a railroad station on the Achinsk-Abakan line. It has a wood-products combine, a canned milk combine, and a grain elevator.


Shira

 

a bitter salt lake with no outlet, located in the Khakass Autonomous Oblast, Krasnoiarsk Krai, RSFSR. Situated at an elevation of 352 m in the Minusinsk Basin, Lake Shira covers an area of 32 sq km. The average depth is 11.2 m, and the maximum depth, 21.6 m. The shores are gently sloping, with sandy beaches; the bottom is composed of hydrogen sulfide therapeutic silt. The water level fluctuates within a range of 4.5 m. The lake freezes in November and opens up in late April or May. The Son River empties into Lake Shira. Summers are warm, with a mean July temperature of 18°C, and winters are cold, with a mean January temperature of – 19°C. The annual precipitation totals 250 mm.

Located 11 km from the Shira railroad station is a balneological and pelotherapeutic health resort. Therapeutic remedies include the sulfate-chloride sodium-magnesium water of Lake Shira, which is used for drinking (in diluted form) and for baths, and the silty mud of Lake Bol’shoe Utich’e, located 20 km from Lake Shira. Persons with diseases of the organs of the musculoskeletal system, digestive and gynecological disorders, and diseases of the nervous system are treated at the resort, which has a sanatorium and a balneological and mud-bath facility.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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