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a historical region in northern Azerbaijan, on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, east of the Kura River. The name “Shirvan” (“Sharvan”) came into use during the Sassanid era (226–651) as a designation for part of ancient Caucasian Albania, later known as Aran. Shirvan was occupied by the Arabs in 654 and eventually became a hereditary possession of Arab governors. From 799 to 1538, Shirvan was ruled by a succession of dynasties of shirvanshahs (shahs of Shirvan), under whom it encompassed all the territory from the Kura River to the city of Derbent; the capital was at Shemakha.

During the Seljuk conquest, Shirvan was a center of the struggle for Azerbaijani independence. In the mid-15th century it was a center of land cultivation and the production of silk and other fabrics; it also played an important role in trade, exporting such goods as oil and cotton. Relations between Shirvan and Moscow were established in 1465 and 1466, and in 1499 an ambassador from Shirvan conducted negotiations toward a treaty “on friendship and concord.” A major cultural center, Shirvan produced such writers as Khaqani and Feleki Shirvani. As the Safavid state became more powerful, Shirvan fell under its sway, becoming a province of the Safavid state in 1538. In 1748 the independent Shirvan Khanate was formed in Shirvan.


Minorskii, V. F. Istoriia Shirvana i Derbenda X-XI vv. Moscow, 1963.
Istoriia Azerbaidzhana, vols. 1–2. Baku, 1958–60.
References in periodicals archive ?
BAGHDAD / NINA / - Baghdad Chamber of Commerce and its counterpart in Athens held a business and investment forum in the presence of the representative of the President of the Republic Shirwan al-Waili, the President of the Baghdad Chamber of Commerce and a number of heads of Greek and European chambers of commerce and members of the boards of directors in the two chambers and a large number of Iraqi and European companies.
There was another ruler and powerful king who was relative of Jemshed and his name was Anu Shirwan. He had a son and his sons name was Badan and he was a brave youth and skilled and unique shooter in his time.
Speaking about it, lead author Haval Shirwan said, aACoeThe novelty we are reporting is the ability of this molecule to generate an immune response that patrols the body for the presence of rare tumour cells and to eliminate cancer before it takes hold in the body.aACA[yen]
Results are expected to be announced within 72 hours, according to press statements on Tuesday by Shirwan Zirar, spokesperson of the Kurdistan Region's Independent High Elections and Referendum Commission.
The online vote for Kurdish expatriates is open for three days, Shirwan Zirari, the spokesman for the Kurdistan election commission, said.
The condition for the ration card document was amended after calls for the change came from Kurds living in diaspora communities, Shirwan Zirar, the spokesperson for the independent High Elections and Referendum Commission (IHERC), announced on Monday.
Shirwan, "4-1BB signaling in conventional T cells drives IL-2 production that overcomes CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ T regulatory cell suppression," PLOS ONE, vol.
"The SDF, mainly comprising of Kurdish fighters, beat the ISIL back from Manbij traffic police building after hours of on non-stop clashes," Shirwan Darvish said, adding, "The SDF fighter, meantime, entered two neighborhoods of al-Karameh and al-Hazaweneh."
Shirwan and Nasik Al-Mufti, the husband and wife owners of Pontcanna House, were fined PS75,000 and ordered to pay PS25,000 costs at Cardiff Crown court for health and safety breaches.
At Cardiff Crown Court, husband and wife Shirwan and Nasik Al-Mufti, the owners of Pontcanna House, were fined PS75,000 and ordered to pay PS25,000 costs for health and safety breaches.
Shirwan Abdurrahman and Jabbar Yawar, was heading to Baghdad.