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Shizuoka(shĭzo͞o`ôkä), city (1990 pop. 472,196), capital of Shizuoka prefecture, E central Honshu, Japan, on Suruga Bay. It is a port and communications center and is known for its green tea, oranges, and lacquer ware. Long the eastern outpost for Tokyo, Shizuoka retains a castle of the last of the Tokugawa shoguns. A statue of Ieyasu, founder of the Tokugawa shogunate, stands in a Buddhist temple in the city. Shizuoka prefecture (1990 pop. 3,670,891), 3,000 sq mi (7,770 sq km), is the chief tea-producing area of Japan. Fishing is important, and motor vehicles, ships, and textiles are also produced. In the prefecture is the celebrated volcano Mt. FujiFuji, Mount
, or Fuji-san
, volcanic peak, 12,389 ft (3,776 m) high, central Honshu, Japan, in Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park (472 sq mi/1,222 sq km; est. 1936).
..... Click the link for more information. and the Izu Peninsula, a popular tourist attraction.
a prefecture in Japan, along the coast of the central part of the island of Honshu. Area, 7,800 sq km. Population, 3.3 million (1975), of which 70 percent are urban dwellers. The capital is the city of Shizuoka. The prefecture forms part of the large Tokaido economic region. Its mining industry has access to the largest placer deposits of gold in Japan (Toi and Mo-tikosi deposits); copper ore is also mined (Hisane deposit). Hydroelectric power plants, including the Sakuma plant (capacity 350 megawatts), have been built on the Tenryu and other rivers. A nuclear power plant (capacity 540 megawatts) is under construction (1975) in the city of Hamaoka. Transportation machinery is manufactured (20 percent of the prefecture’s total industrial production), and pulp and paper (10 percent), chemicals, and spices (10 percent) are produced. There is general machinery construction (9 percent), and the prefecture has a number of enterprises connected with the aluminum industry.
There is intensive agriculture, with 136,000 hectares under cultivation, primarily under rice (harvest in irrigated areas, 133,000 tons in 1972), sweet potatoes (70,000 tons), and tobacco. The prefecture leads Japan in mandarin (360,000 tons) and tea (51,000 tons) production. Livestock is raised and is housed in stall barns (35,500 head of dairy cattle; 265,000 swine); poultry is also raised. There is fishing on a commercial scale (port of Yaizu), with shrimp being caught in Suruga Bay of the Pacific Ocean. Flowers are grown in greenhouses. The prefecture has a tourist industry (Japan’s renowned Mount Fuji), and there are a number of resorts.
a city in Japan, located in the central part of the island of Honshu. Capital of Shizuoka Prefecture. Population, 417,000 (1973). The city has enterprises for the production of textile machinery, electrical machinery, aircraft, and ships. Metallurgical plants deal mainly in special-purpose alloys. Local woodworking enterprises produce furniture, as well as lacquerware and bamboo products, which are exported. The textile and paper industries are also important.