Shkodër

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Shkodër

(shkō`dər) or

Scutari

(sko͞o`tərē), Serbo-Croatian Skadar, anc. Scodra, city (1989 est. pop. 80,200), capital of Shkodër dist., NW Albania, at the outlet of Lake Scutari. It is a market center in a fertile agricultural area that produces a variety of crops. Shkodër is the industrial and cultural center of N Albania and has industries that manufacture cement, textiles, tobacco products, foodstuffs, and metal and leather goods. It is also an important fishing center. An ancient Illyrian capital, Shkodër became (168 B.C.) a Roman colony, passed to Byzantium, and was conquered by the Serbs in the 7th cent. A.D. Until the fall of Serbia in the late 14th cent., Shkodër was the seat of the princes of Zeta (i.e., Montenegro), who pledged it to Venice in return for a subsidy in the war against Turkey. However, it was captured by Sultan Muhammad II in 1479. Shkodër, known under Turkish rule as Iskenderiye, was the seat of a pashalik. The pashas, often chosen from among Montenegrin renegades, fought for centuries against their Albanian neighbors. Montenegrin troops occupied (1913) Shkodër in the Balkan Wars, but the European powers assigned the city to newly independent Albania. There was fighting in the city during World War I. Shkodër was made a Roman Catholic archdiocese in 1867. The city has a large bazaar and is dominated by a citadel built by the Venetians. It has a Catholic cathedral and several mosques.

Shkodër

 

a city in Albania, on Lake Scutari. Administrative center of the rrethi (district) of Shkodër Population, more than 60,000 (1975). A landing on Lake Scutari, Shkodër is linked by highway with the cities of Tirana and Durrës and with Titograd, Yugoslavia. Shkodër’s industry includes ferrous metallurgy, food processing, and tobacco production as well as the manufacture of cement, wood products, paper, textiles, and leather products. The ruins of the 14th-century citadel of Rozafat are located in Shkodër.

References in periodicals archive ?
With Italy they claimed Istria and Dalmatia, with Austria, the northern border of Slovenia, with Hungary, the northern border of Croatia, Voivodina and Slovenia, with Bulgaria the eastern border and Macedonia, with Albania, the Kosovo area and Shkoder, with Romania, Banat (28).
Montenegro had a modest war aim: seize the Albanian city of Shkoder (Scutari).
with photos) SARAJEVO, Sept 28 (KUNA) -- Kuwaiti Ambassador to Albania Najeeb Al-Bader met, at Kuwait's Embassy headquarters in Tirana, Mayor of Shkoder Country Lorenc Luka where they discussed means of boosting bilateral ties, especially on the cultural and the developmental levels.
Sweden's charge Champions by After enduring a nightmare against Albanian side Vllaznia Shkoder three years ago, he's ready for anything the Russians might throw at the Arabs tonight.
Biology department can benefit from GIS by studying the degradation process the lake of Shkoder is facing day after day, accompanied by radical changes in vegetation and animal life.
FORMER Celtic defender Rudi Vata is the new boss of Vllaznia Shkoder - after being invited to take the role by the mayor of the Albanian city.
verandah beside Lake Shkoder one day was delicious local fish cooked and
On May 6, 2009, the Prosecutor General, Minister of Interior, Minister of Finance, Director of State Intelligence Service (SHISH), the head of High State Audit (HSA), and the head of the High Inspectorate for the Declaration of Assets (HIDAA) publicly signed a Memorandum of Cooperation formally establishing six regional anti-corruption and financial crime units in the cities of Durres, Fier, Korca, Shkoder, Vlora, and Gjirokaster.
The selection of cities is: Berat, Diber, Durres, Elbasan, Fier, Gjirokaster, Korce, Kukes, Lezhe, Lushnje, Shkoder, and Vlore.
Adrian Paci's single-channel video Turn On, 2003, described different aspects of one scene, in which unemployed men sit in different places every day on the steps of a plaza in Shkoder, Albania, and light lamps, the beauty of the image emphasizing the despair of their situation.