Shkodër

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Shkodër

(shkō`dər) or

Scutari

(sko͞o`tərē), Serbo-Croatian Skadar, anc. Scodra, city (1989 est. pop. 80,200), capital of Shkodër dist., NW Albania, at the outlet of Lake Scutari. It is a market center in a fertile agricultural area that produces a variety of crops. Shkodër is the industrial and cultural center of N Albania and has industries that manufacture cement, textiles, tobacco products, foodstuffs, and metal and leather goods. It is also an important fishing center. An ancient Illyrian capital, Shkodër became (168 B.C.) a Roman colony, passed to Byzantium, and was conquered by the Serbs in the 7th cent. A.D. Until the fall of Serbia in the late 14th cent., Shkodër was the seat of the princes of Zeta (i.e., Montenegro), who pledged it to Venice in return for a subsidy in the war against Turkey. However, it was captured by Sultan Muhammad II in 1479. Shkodër, known under Turkish rule as Iskenderiye, was the seat of a pashalik. The pashas, often chosen from among Montenegrin renegades, fought for centuries against their Albanian neighbors. Montenegrin troops occupied (1913) Shkodër in the Balkan Wars, but the European powers assigned the city to newly independent Albania. There was fighting in the city during World War I. Shkodër was made a Roman Catholic archdiocese in 1867. The city has a large bazaar and is dominated by a citadel built by the Venetians. It has a Catholic cathedral and several mosques.

Shkodër

 

a city in Albania, on Lake Scutari. Administrative center of the rrethi (district) of Shkodër Population, more than 60,000 (1975). A landing on Lake Scutari, Shkodër is linked by highway with the cities of Tirana and Durrës and with Titograd, Yugoslavia. Shkodër’s industry includes ferrous metallurgy, food processing, and tobacco production as well as the manufacture of cement, wood products, paper, textiles, and leather products. The ruins of the 14th-century citadel of Rozafat are located in Shkodër.

References in periodicals archive ?
The 1st Infantry Battalion in Vau i Dejs is mainly operating in the village of Obot of the Administrative Unit of Ana e Malit in the Municipality of Shkodra.
Two members of the crew, captain Florian Delija and lieutenant Donald Hoxha, died, while a third person, soldier Gerald Baramuca is injured and is being treated in Shkodra regional hospital," the Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces, Major General Jeronim Bazo, said in a statement during a press conference after the accident.
Later on, following huge demonstration in Albania's main cities--Tirana, Durres, Elbasan, Shkodra, Kavaja i.
However, the largest number of Roma is concentrated mainly in Central and Southeastern Albania: Tirana, Durres, Elbasan, Fier, Berat, Korca, Pogradec, Bilisht, Gjirokastra, Delvin, Kruja, Shkodra etc.
The most complex of all is the Lead Mosque in Shkodra built in 1773 1774 by Mustafa Pasha Bushati.
See wonderful landscapes and beaches and the fascinating and historic cities of Tirana, Kruja, Durres and Shkodra on our Balkan extravaganza
Other countries with strong SME presence are the cities of Fier, Korce, Vlora, Elbasan and Shkodra.
Meanwhile, there are built in record time 9 wastewater treatment plants like in Kavaje, Pogradec, Korce, Durres, Sarande-Ksamil, Shengjin-Lezhe, Shiroke, Velipoje, Vlore and work is underway in Tirana, Kavaja resort with Golem included, Shkodra etc.
In 1991, when the British author and anthropologist Antonia Young made the same 72-kilometre journey from Shkodra for the first time, the idea that Thethi might one day become a magnet for intrepid travellers seemed a remote prospect.
Rozafa's sacrifice was revealed to be necessary when an elderly woman visited three brothers who had been tasked with constructing the castle on the banks of the Buna River near the town of Shkodra.
Nowadays GIS is integrated as a single course in the undergraduate program in the Universities of Shkodra and Gjirokastra in the departments of Geography, Architecture and Urban Planning, Geodesy, Computer Sciences and Geology departments in the university of Tirana, but it still remains part of the undergraduate program.
Poor areas have the lowest number in 3 enterprises/1000 inhabitants-Kukes, Dibra with 4 enterprises/ 1000 inhabitants, as well as Lezha and Shkodra to 6 enterprises/ 1000 inhabitants.